3 necvtib sentens
(negative sentence)
부정문(조건 명령)

[na b] [na bi] [na d] [na bid] [na l] [na bil] [na n] [na ig] [na bi b]
(do/does not v) (am/are/is not) (did not v) (was/were not) (will not v) (will not be) (have not pp) (be not ing) (be not pp)
(present) (be present) (past) (be past) (future) (be future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)
1) (na b ← do/does not v)
(na bi ← am/are/is not)
(present)
2) (na d ← did not v)
(na bid ← was/were not)
(past)
3) (na l ← will not v)
(na bil ← will not be)
(future)
4) (na bn ← have/has not pp)
(present perfect)
5) (na dn ← had not pp)
(past perfect)
6) (na ln ← will not have pp)
(future perfect)
7) (na big ← am/are/is not ing)
(present continuous)
8) (na dig ← was/were noting)
(past continuous)
9) (na lig ← will not be ing)
(future continuous)
10) (na bnig ← have/has not been ing)
(present perfect continuous)
11) (na dnig ← had not been ing)
(past perfect continuous)
12) (na lnig ← will have not been ing)
(future perfect continuous)
13) (na bi b ← am/are/is not pp)
(present passive)
14) (na bid d ← was/were not pp)
(past passive)
15) (na bil l ← will not be pp)
(future passive)
16) (na bi bn ← have/has not been pp)
(present perfect passive)

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1) (na b ← do/does not v) (na : not)
(na bi ← am/are/is not) (b : verb presentt)
(present)   (현재) (bi : be present)


J na heb v ka. : [na heb]
(I don't have a car.) : (don't have)
나는 차를 안가지고 있다.
J v ka. / Zulia

J na wvnt tu heb tu kvm bek. : [na wvnt]
(I don't want to have to come back.) : (don't want)
나는 다시 돌아와야 하고싶지 않아요.
J tu heb tu kvm bek. / Fetvli

Hi na stvdi Wvldrisi et njt. : [na stvdi]
(He does not study Worldrisi at night.) : (does not study)
그는 밤에 월드리시를 공부하지 않는다.
Hi Wvldrisi et njt. / Zakarta

It na bi izi tu rvn Fjnis. : [na bi] [bi - bid - bil]
(It is not easy to learn Chinese.) : (is not) (am/are/is - was/were - will be)
중국어를 배우는것은 쉽지않다.
It izi tu rvn Fjnis. / Cogza

J na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(I am not a student.) : (am not)
나는 학생이 아니다.
J v studvnt. / Moroko
Yu na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(You are not a student.) : (are not)
너는 학생이 아니다.
Yu v studvnt. / Otawa
Hi na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(He is not a student.) : (is not)
그는 학생이 아니다.
Hi v studvnt. / Tema
Swi na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(She is not a student.) : (is not)
그녀는 학생이 아니다.
Swi v studvnt. / Barsyaba
Dei na bi studvntz. : [na bi]
(They are not students.) : (are not)
그들은 학생이 아니다.
Dei studvntz. / Tokyo

Yu ken na olweiz win , bvt yu ken olweiz rvn. : [ken na olweiz win]
(You can't always win , but you can always learn.) : (can't always win)
언제나 이길수는없지만, 언제든지 배울수는 있다. / Denis Hog
Yu , bvt yu ken olweiz rvn.

Na put op vntil tumoro wat yu ken du tudei. : [Na put op vntil tumoro]
Don't put off until tomorrow what you can do today.) : (Don't put off until tomorrow)
오늘할일을 내일로 미루지마라.
Yu wat yu ken du tudei. / Egkvrizi

Wvns it stop reinig, wi ken co pv v wvk. : [stop]
(Once it stops raining, we can go for a walk.) : (stops)
일단 비가 멈추고나면, 우리는 산보갈 수 있다. / Weligton
Wvns it reinig, wi ken co pv v wvk.

Dis na min J na rvb yum. : [na min]
(This does not mean I don't love you.) : (does not mean)
이것이 제가 당신을 사랑하지 않는다는 뜻은 아니에요.
Dis J na rvb yum. / Ulanbator

Tel mi wai yu bid so egcri. : [Tel mi] [tel - teld - tell]
Tell me why you were so angry.) : (Tell me) (tell - told - will tell)
너는 왜그렇게 화가났었는지 나에게 말해줘.
wai yu bid so egcri. / Hogkog

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2) (na d ← did not v) (na : not)
(na bid ← was/were not) (d : verb past)
(past)   (과거) (bid : be past)

Hi na stvdid Wvldrisi yestvdei. : [na stvdid]
(He did not study Worldrisi yesterday.) : (did not study)
그는 어제 월드리시를 공부하지 않았다.
Hi Wvldrisi yestvdei. / Zakarta

Wi na bilibd wat hi ixpleind. : [na bilibd]
(We didn't believe what he explained. : (didn't believe)
우리는 그가 설명한것을 믿을수가 없다.
Wi wat hi ixpleind. / Keip taun

J kud na ensv det. : [kud na ensv]
(I couldn't answer that. : (couldn't answer)
나는 그것에 대해 답을할수 없었다.
J det. / Sarayebo

J na meikd eni promisz. : [na meikd]
(I didn't make any promises.) : (didn't make)
약속을 한적은 없어요.
J eni promisz. / Benkubv

J na bid v studvnt rast iv. : [na bid]
(I was not a student last year.) : (was not)
나는 작년에 학생이 아니었다.
J v studvnt rast iv. / Tema
Yu na bid v studvnt rast iv. : [na bid]
(You were not a student last year.) : (were not)
너는 작년에 학생이 아니었다.
Yu v studvnt rast iv. / Cwam
Hi na bid v studvnt rast iv. : [na bid]
(He was not a student last year.) : (was not)
그는 작년에 학생이 아니었다.
Hi v studvnt rast iv. / Bisau
Swi na bid v studvnt rast iv. : [na bid]
(She was not a student last year.) : (was not)
그녀는 작년에 학생이 아니었다.
Swi v studvnt rast iv. / Zuba
Dei na bid studvntz rast iv. : [na bid]
(They were not students last year.) : (were not)
그들은 작년에 학생이 아니었다.
Dei studvntz rast iv. / Kopenhacen

Ip J bid yu, J ud help him. : [Ip J bid yu]
(If I were you, I would help him.) : (If I were you)
내가 만약 너라면, 나는 그를 도울수 있을텐데.
, J ud help him. / Okinawa

Tu si dem tok, yu ud sink dei bid prendz. : [ud sink]
(To see them talk, you would think they were friends.) : (would think)
그들이 얘기하는걸 보았다면, 너는 그들이 친구라고 생각했을 것이다.
Tu si dem tok, yu dei bid prendz. / Burusel

Owens padv na vlaud him tu be v ektv. : [na vlaud] [vlau - vlaud - vlaul]
(Owen's father didn't allow him to be an actor.) : (didn't allow) (allow - allowed - will allow)
오웬의 아버지는 그가 배우가되는것을 허락하지 않았다.
Owens padv him tu be v ektv. / Melbvrun

J kud na bi hepiv wid mj zab. : [kud na bi] [bi - bid - bil]
(I could not be happier with my job.) : (could not be) (am/are/is - was/were - will be)
나는 내직업에대해 더할나위없이 행복하다.
J hepiv wid mj zab. / Monika

Karin na dud dv disiz eptv dinv. : [na dud] [du - dud - dul]
(Karin didn't do the dishes after dinner.) : (didn't do) (do - did - will do)
카린은 저녁먹은후에 설거지를 안했다.
Karin dv disiz eptv dinv. / Karin

J na wvntd tu heb tu sei no. : [na wvntd] [wvnt - wvntd - wvntl]
(I didn't want to have to say no.) : (didn't want) (want - wanted - will want)
저는 거절해야하는 상황을 원치 않았어요.
J tu heb tu sei no. / Telabib

Hi teld mi hau dv eksidvnt hepvnd. : [teld] [tel - teld - tell]
(He told me how the accident happened.) : (told) (tell - told - will tell)
그는 나에게 어떻게 그일이 일어났는지 말했다.
Hi mi hau dv eksidvnt hepvnd. / Madacaskar

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3) (na l ← will not v) (na : not)
(na bil ← will not be) (l : verb future)
(future)   (미래) (bil : be future)

Dei na stvdil sjvns next iv. : [na stvdil]
(They will not study science next year.) : (will not study)
그들은 내년에 과학을 공부하지 않을 것이다.
Dei sjvns next iv. / Siberia

J na pleil dv bjolin pv hvm. : [na pleil]
(I will not play the violin for her.) : (will not play)
나는 그녀를위해 바이올린을 연주하지 않을 것이다.
J dv bjolin pv hvm. / Sidni

Hi na bil bizi tumoro. : [na bil]
(He will not be busy tomorrow.) : (will not be)
그는 내일 바쁘지 않을 것이다.
Hi bizi tumoro. / Bjkal

J na bil v studvnt next iv. : [na bil]
(I will not be a student next year.) : (will not be)
나는 내년에 학생이 되지 않을것이다.
J v studvnt next iv. / Daka
Yu na bil v studvnt next iv. : [na bil]
(You will not be a student next year.) : (will not be)
너는 내년에 학생이 되지 않을것이다.
Yu v studvnt next iv. / Rapas
Hi na bil v studvnt next iv. : [na bil]
(He will not be a student next year.) : (will not be)
그는 내년에 학생이 되지 않을것이다.
Hi v studvnt next iv. / Abizag
Swi na bil v studvnt next iv. : [na bil]
(She will not be a student next year.) : (will not be)
그녀는 내년에 학생이 되지 않을것이다.
Swi v studvnt next iv. / Barselona
Dei na bil studvntz next iv. : [na bil]
(They will not be students next year.) : (will not be)
그들은 내년에 학생이 되지 않을것이다.
Dei studvntz next iv. / Bandarabas

Yu nebv noul vnres yu trj. : [nebv noul]
(You will never know unless you try.) : (will never know)
시도하지 않는다면 너는 결코 모를 것이다.
Yu vnres yu trj. / Edinbvrv

Vnres yu wvk hadv, yu poll : [poll] [pol - pold - poll]
(Unless you work harder, you will fall .) : (will fall) (fall - fell - will fall)
더열심히 노력하지 않는다면, 당신은 실패할 것이다.
Vnres yu wvk hadv, yu . / Dawin

No metv wat yu sei, J na cibl vp : [na cibl vp] [cib - cibd - cibl]
(No matter what you say, I will not give up .) : (will not give up) (give - gave - will give)
네가 무슨말을 할지라도, 나는 포기하지 않을 것이다.
No metv wat yu sei, J . / Edisn

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4) (na bn ← have/has not pp)
(na : not   bn : verb present perfect)
(present perfect)   (현재완료)

J na mitn him. Introdus mi tu him. : [na mitn]
(I haven't met him. Introduce me to him.) : (haven't met)
그를 만난 적이 없는 상태야. 소개시켜줘.
J him. introdus mi tu him. / Rima

Swi na pinisin hv homwvk yet. : [na pinisin]
(She hasn't finished her homework yet.) : (hasn't finished)
그녀는 아직 그녀의 숙제를 끝내지 않았다.
Swi hv hom wvk yet. / Karafi

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5) (na dn ← had not pp)
(na : not   dn : verb past perfect)
(past perfect)   (과거완료)

Dei nebv sidn snou bipo dei kvmd tu Korea. : [nebv sidn] [dei - dev - dem - devs - devselpz]
(They snow before they came to Korea.) : (had never seen) (they - their - them - theirs - themselves)
그들이 한국에 오기전까지 그들은 결코 눈을 본적이 없었다.

\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ [kvm - kvmd - kvml] [si - sid - sil] [sin - sidn - siln]
(come - came - will come) (see - saw - will see) (have/has seen - had seen - will have seen)

Dei na stvdidn Wvldrisi. : [na stvdidn]
They had not studied Worldrish. : (had not studied)
그들은 월드리시를 공부하지 않았었다.

J nebv bizitdn Rvndvn bipo J bizitd it rast iv. : [nebv bizitdn]
(I had never visited London before I visited it last year.) : (had never visited)
지난겨울 런던을 방문하기 전에는 방문한 적이 없었다.

Swi bid beri hvgcri den. Swi na itdn rvnfi vntil den. : [na itdn]
(She was very hungry then. She hadn’t eaten lunch until then.) : (hadn’t eaten)
그녀는 그때 매우 배가고팠다. 그녀는 그때까지 점심을 먹지 않았었다.


* prektis : (na dn ←had not pp)
(practice) : (past perfect)
실습 : 부정문과거완료

Dei [ ] snou bipo dei kvmd tu Korea. : [nebv sidn] [dei - dev - dem - devs - devselpz]
(They had never seen snow before they came to Korea.) : (had never seen) (they - their - them - theirs - themselves)
그들이 한국에 오기전까지 그들은 결코 눈을 본적이 없었다.

[kvm - kvmd - kvml] [si - sid - sil] [sin - sidn - siln]
(come - came - will come) (see - saw - will see) (have/has seen - had seen - will have seen)

Dei [ ] Wvldrisi. : [na stvdidn]
They had not studied Worldrish. : (had not studied)
그들은 월드리시를 공부하지 않았었다.

J [ ] Rvndvn bipo J bizitd it rast iv. : [nebv bizitdn]
(I had never visited London before I visited it last year.) : (had never visited)
지난겨울 런던을 방문하기 전에는 방문한 적이 없었다.

Swi bid beri hvgcri den. Swi [ ] rvnfi vntil den. : [na itdn]
(She was very hungry then. She hadn’t eaten lunch until then.) : (hadn’t eaten)
그녀는 그때 매우 배가고팠다. 그녀는 그때까지 점심을 먹지 않았었다.
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6) (na ln ← will not have pp)
(na : not   ln : verb future perfect)
(future perfect)   (미래완료)

Dei na stvdiln Wvldrisi. : [na stvdiln]
(They Worldrisi.) : (will not have studied)
그들은 월드리시를 공부하지 않았을 것이다. / Mafupikfu

\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ J na pinisiln dv wvk bj dv taim yu kvm. : [na pinisiln]
(I will not have finished the work by the time you come.) : (will not have finished)
네가올때까지도 그일을 모두 끝마치지 못했을 것이다.


* prektis : (na ln ← will not have pp)
(practice) : (future perfect)
실습 : 부정문미래완료

Dei [ ] Wvldrisi. : [na stvdiln]
They will not have studied Worldrish. : (will not have studied)
그들은 월드리시를 공부하지 않았을 것이다.

J [ ] dv wvk bj dv taim yu kvm. : [na pinisiln]
(I will not have finished the work by the time you come.) : (will not have finished)
네가올때까지도 그일을 모두 끝마치지 못했을 것이다.
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7) (na big ← am/are/is not ing)
(na : not   big : verb present continuous)
(present continuous)   (현재진행)

Hi na pleig putbol. : [na pleig]
(He football.) : (is not playing)
그는 축구 안하고 있다. / Pele

It na reinig. : [na reinig]
(It is not raining.) : (is not raining)
비가오고 있지 않습니다.

Swi na stvdig nau. : [na stvdig]
(She isn’t studying now.) : (isn’t studying)
그녀는 지금 공부하고 있지 않다.


* prektis : (na big ← am/are/is not ing)
(practice) : (present continuous)
실습 : 부정문현재진행

Hi [ ] putbol. : [na pleig]
(He isn't playing football.) : (isn't playing)
그는 축구 안하고 있다.

It [ ]. : [na reinig]
(It is not raining.) : (is not raining)
비가오고 있지 않습니다.

Swi [ ] nau. : [na stvdig]
(She isn’t studying now.) : (isn’t studying)
그녀는 지금 공부하고 있지 않다.
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8) (na dig ← was/were not ing)
(na : not   dig : verb past continuous)
(past continuous)   (과거진행)

Hi na pleidig putbol. : [na pleidig]
(He wasn't playing football.) : (wasn't playing)
그는 축구하고 있지 않았다.

J na kukdig et det tjm. : [na kukdig]
(I was not cooking at that time.) : (was not cooking)
나는 그때 요리를 하고 있지 않았다.

Swi na weitdig pv mi. : [na weitdig]
(She was not waiting for me.) : (was not waiting)
그녀는 나를 기다리고있지 않았어.


* prektis : (na dig ← was/were not ing)
(practice) : (past continuous)
실습 : 부정문과거진행

Hi [ ] putbol. : [na pleidig]
(He wasn't playing football.) : (wasn't playing)
그는 축구하고 있지 않았다.

[J [ ] et det tjm. : na kukdig]
(I was not cooking at that time.) : (was not cooking)
나는 그때 요리를 하고 있지 않았다.

Swi [ ] pv mi. : [na weitdig]
(She was not waiting for me.) : (was not waiting)
그녀는 나를 기다리고있지 않았어.
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9) (na lig ← will not be ing)
(na : not   lig : verb future continuous)
(future continuous)   (미래진행)

Dei na pleilig sakv. : [na pleilig]
(They will not be playing soccer.) : (will not be playing)
그들은 축구 안하고 있을거야.

* prektis : (na lig ← will not be ing)
(practice) : (future continuous)
실습 : 부정문미래진행

[ ] sakv. : [na pleilig]
(They will not be playing soccer.) : (will not be playing)
그들은 축구 안하고 있을거야.
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10) (na bnig ← have/has not been ing)   (na : not)
(bnig : verb present perfect continuous)
(present perfect continuous)   (현재완료진행)

J na dunig enisig pv tu auvz. : [na dunig]
(I haven't been doing anything for two hours.) : (haven’t been doing)
나는 2시간동안 아무것도 하고있지 않는중이다.

Hi na itnig sins yestvdei. : [na itnig]
(He hasn’t been eating since yesterday.) : (hasn’t been eating)
그는 어제부터 아무것도 먹고있지 않는 중이야.


* prektis : (na bnig ← have/has not been ing)
(practice) : (present perfect continuous)
실습 : 부정문현재완료진행

J [ ] enisig pv tu auvz. : [na dunig]
(I haven’t been doing anything for two hours.) : (haven’t been doing)
나는 2시간동안 아무것도 하고있지 않는중이다.

Hi [ ] sins yestvdei. : [na itnig]
(He hasn’t been eating since yesterday.) : (hasn’t been eating)
그는 어제부터 아무것도 먹고있지 않는 중이야.
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11) (na dnig ← had not been ing)   (na : not)
(dnig : verb past perfect continuous)
(past perfect continuous)   (과거완료진행)

Dei na stvdidnig Wvldrisi. : [na stvdidnig]
(They had not been studying Worldrisi.) : (had not been studying)
그들은 월드리시를 연구안하고 있는중이었다.

Swi na meikdnig dv haus. : [na meikdnig]
(She hadn’t been making the house.) : (hadn’t been making)
그녀는 집을 만들지 않고 있는중이었다.


* prektis : (na dnig ← had not been ing)
(practice) : (past perfect continuous)
실습 : 부정문과거완료진행

Dei [ ] Wvldrisi. : [na stvdidnig]
(They had not been studying Worldrish.) : (had not been studying)
그들은 월드리시를 연구안하고 있는중이었다.

Swi [ ] dv haus. : [na meikdnig]
(She hadn’t been making the house.) : (hadn’t been making)
그녀는 집을 만들지 않고 있는중이었다.
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12) (na lnig ← will not have been ing)   (na : not)
(lnig : verb future perfect continuous)
(future perfect continuous)   (미래완료진행)

Swi na meiklnig the haus. : [na meiklnig]
(She won't have been making the house.) : (won't have been making)
그녀는 집을 만들지 않고 있는 중일 것이다.

Dei na stvdilnig Wvldrisi. : [na stvdilnig]
(They will not have been studying Worldrish.) : (will not have been studying)
그들은 월드리시를 연구안하고 있었을 것이다.


* prektis : (na lnig ← will not have been ing)
(practice) : (future perfect continuous)
실습 : 부정문미래완료진행

Swi [ ] the haus. : [na meiklnig]
She won't have been making the house. : (won't have been making)
그녀는 집을 만들지 않고 있는 중일 것이다.

Dei [ ] Wvldrisi. : [na stvdilnig]
(They will not have been studying Worldrish.) : (will not have been studying)
그들은 월드리시를 연구안하고 있었을것이다.
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13) (na bi b ← am/are/is not pp)   (na : not)
(bi : be present passive   b : verb present)
(present passive)   (현재수동태)

Dv pens na bi peint tudei. : [na bi peint]
(The fence isn't painted today.) : (isn't painted)
그담장은 오늘 칠해지지 않는다.
Dv pens tudei. / Bacdad

Dis sud na bi tvfi bj dv fildrvn. : [sud na bi tvfi]
(This should not be touched by the children.) : (should not be touched)
이것은 어린이들의 손이 닿게해서는 안된다.
Dis bj dv fildrvn. / Stokolom

Wat bi du kenna bi vndu. : [bi du] [bi du - bid dud - bil dul]
(What is done cannot be undone.) : (is done) (am/are/is done - was/were done - will be done)
되어진일은 원상태로 되돌릴 수 없다.
Wat kenna bi vndu. / Roma

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14) (na bid d ← was/were not pp)   (na : not)
(bid : be past passive   d : verb past)
(past passive)   (과거수동태)

Rom na bid bildd in v dei. : [na bid bildd]
(Rome was not built in a day.) : (was not built)
로마는 하루에 만들어진 것이 아니다.

Dis pud na bid meikd bj mj madv. : [na bid meikd]
(This food was not made by my mother.) : (was not made)
이음식은 나의어머니에 의해서 만들어지지 않았어요.

Dis retv na bid raitd bj Han. : [na bid raitd]
(This letter was not written by Han.) : (was not written)
이 편지는 Han에 의해 쓰여지지 않았다.


* prektis : (na bid d ← was/were not pp)
(practice) : (past passive)
실습 : 부정문과거수동태

Rom [ ] in v dei. : [na bid bildd]
(Rome was not built in a day.) : (was not built)
로마는 하루에 만들어진 것이 아니다.

Dis pud [ ] bj mj madv. : [na bid meikd]
(This food was not made by my mother.) : (was not made)
이음식은 나의어머니에 의해서 만들어지지 않았어요.

Dis retv [ ] bj Han. : [na bid raitd]
(This letter was not written by Han.) : (was not written)
이 편지는 Han에 의해 쓰여지지 않았다.
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15) (na bil l ← will not be pp)   (na : not)
(bil : be future passive   l : verb future)
(future passive)   (미래수동태)

Dv wvk na bil pinisil tudei. : [na bil pinisil]
(The work will not be finished today.) : (will not be finished)
그일은 오늘 끝나지 않을 것이다.

Wi wvkig on v huz prozekt. It na bil kvmplitl vntil next iv. : [na bil kvmplitl]
(We’re working on a huge project. It won’t be completed until next year.) : (won’t be completed)
우리는 거대한 프로젝트를 맡고 있다. 그것은 내년까지 완료되지 않을 것이다.


* prektis : (na bil l ← will not be pp)
(practice) : (future passive)
실습 : 부정문미래수동태

Dv wvk [ ] tudei. : [na bil pinisil]
(The work will not be finished today.) : (will not be finished)
그일은 오늘 끝나지 않을 것이다.

Wi wvkig on v huz prozekt. It [ ] vntil next iv. : [na bil kvmplitl]
(We’re working on a huge project. It won’t be completed until next year.) : (won’t be completed)
우리는 거대한 프로젝트를 맡고 있다. 그것은 내년까지 완료되지 않을 것이다.
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16) (na bi bn ← have/has not been pp)   (na : not)
(bi : be present passive   bn : verb present perfect)
(present perfect passive)   (현재완료수동태)

Dv misteri na bi solbn yet. : [na bi solbn]
(The mystery hasn’t been solved yet.) : (hasn’t been solved)
그 미스테리가 아직 풀리지 않고 있다.

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