2 vpvmvtib sentens
(affirmative sentence)
긍정문

[b] [bi] [d] [bid] [ l ] [bil] [n] [ig] [bi b]
(v)(am/are/is) (ed) (was/were) (will v) (will be) (have pp) (be ing) ( be pp)
(present) (be present) (past) (be past) (future) (be future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)
1) (b ← verb) (bi ← am/are/is)
(present)
2) (d ← ed) (bid ← was/were)
(past)
3) (l ← will v) (bil ← will be)
(future)
4) (bn ← have/has pp)
(present perfect)
5) (dn ← had pp)
(past perfect)
6) (ln  ←  will have pp)
(future perfect)
7) (big ← am/are/is ing)
(present continuous)
8) (dig ← was/were ing)
(past continuous)
9) (lig ← will be ing)
(future continuous)
10) (bnig ← have/has been ing)
(present perfect continuous)
11) (dnig ← had been ing)
(past perfect continuous)
12) (lnig ← will have been ing)
(future perfect continuous)
13) (bi b ← am/are/is pp)
(present passive)
14) (bid d ← was/were pp)
(past passive)
15) (bil l ← will be pp)
(future passive)
16) (bi bn ← have/has been pp)
(present perfect passive)
17) (bid dn ← had been pp)
(past perfect passive)
18) (bil ln ← will have been pp)
(future perfect passive)
19) (bi big ← am/are/is being pp)
(present continuous passive)
20) (bid dig ← was/were being pp)
(past continuous passive)
21) (bil lig ← will be being pp)
(future continuous passive)
22) (bi bnig ← have been being pp)
(present perfect continuous passive)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


1) (b ← verb s/es) (b : verb present   bi : be present)
(bi ← am/are/is) present singular subject(third person)
(present)   (현재) (3인칭단수 현재동사에 s/es를 안붙임   수일치 안함)


J stvdi Wvldrisi had. : [stvdi]
(I study Worldrisi hard.) : (study)
나는 월드리시를 열심히 연구한다.
J Wvldrisi had. / Beizig

Hi stvdi Wvldrisi had. : [stvdi]
(He studies Worldrisi hard.) : (studies)
그는 월드리시를 열심히 연구한다.
Hi Wvldrisi had. / Rvndvn

Swi heb v swit bois. : [heb]
(She has a sweet voice.) : (has)
그녀는 아름다운 목소리를 갖고 있다.
Swi v swit bois. / Tokyo

Hi heb v epl . : [heb v epl]
(He has an apple .) : (has an apple)
그는 사과1개를 가지고 있다.
Hi . / Epl

Swi heb v razi pofun. : [heb]
(She has a large fortune.) : (has)
그녀는 재산가이다.
Swi v razi pofun. / Donnamu

J bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(I am a student.) : (am)
나는 학생이다.
J v studvnt. / Sidni
Yu bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(You are a student.) : (are)
너는 학생이다.
Yu v studvnt. / Vklend
Hi bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(He is a student.) : (is)
그는 학생이다.
Hi v studvnt. / Akra
Swi bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(She is a student.) : (is)
그녀는 학생이다.
Swi v studvnt. / Moskoba
Dei bi studvntz. : [bi]
(They are students.) : (are)
그들은 학생이다.
Dei studvntz. / Svul

Ebrisig bi fenzig. : [bi]
(Everything is changing.) : (is)
모든 것은 변한다.
Ebrisig fenzig. / Sahara

Duig nasig bi weistig tjm. : [bi]
(Doing nothing is wasting time.) : (is)
아무것도 안하는 것은 시간을 낭비하는 것이다.
Duig nasig weistig tjm. / Edisn

Sinkig min tokig tu wvnselp. : [min]
(Thinking means talking to oneself.) : (means)
생각한다는 것은 자신에게 말하는 것을 의미한다.
Sinkig tokig tu wvnselp. / Atene

Dv smel meik mi sik. : [meik]
(The smell makes me sick.) : (makes)
그냄새가 나를 아프게 만든다.
Dv smel mi sik. / Hukusima

Swi rvb mi. : [rvb]
(She loves me.) : (loves)
그녀는 나를 사랑한다.
Swi mi. / Nudeli

J rvb hvm , tuu. : [rvb hvm] [swi - hv - hvm - hvs - hvselp]
(I love her , too.) : (love her) (she - her - her - hers - herself)
나도 역시 그녀를 사랑한다.
J , tuu. / Svul

Dv svn rjz in dv ist en set in dv west. : [rjz] [en] [set]
(The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.) : (rises) (and) (sets)
태양은 동쪽에서 떠서 서쪽으로 진다.
Dv svn rjz in dv ist in dv west. / Calilei

Onri in dv daknis ken yu si dv staz. : [ken yu si]
(Only in the darkness can you see the stars.) : (can you see)
오직 어둠속에서만 당신은 별을 볼 수 있다.
Onri in dv daknis dv staz. / Oslo

Mj Wvldrisi skilz meik it izi pv mi tu trebvl vbrod. : [meik]
(My Worldrisi skills make it easy for me to travel abroad.) : (make)
나의 세계어기술은 내가 세계여행 하는것을 쉽게 만든다.
Mj Wvldrisi skilz it izi pv mi tu trebvl vbrod. / Nyudeli

It meik mi hepi tu meik adv pipl hepi. : [meik] [meik - meikd - meikl]
(It makes me happy to make other people happy.) : (makes) (make - made - will make)
다른사람들을 행복하게 하는게 나를 행복하게 한다.
It mi hepi tu meik adv pipl hepi. / Munhen

trains_up.gif wvldbod


2) (d ← ed) (d : verb past)
(bid ← was/were) (bid : be past)
(past)   (과거)

Hi stvdid Wvldrisi had. : [stvdid]
(He studied Worldrisi hard.) : (studied)
그는 월드리시를 열심히 공부했다.
Hi Wvldrisi had. / Tasikent

Swi dibelopd v hebit ob seibig mvni. : [dibelopd]
(She developed a habit of saving money.) : (developed)
그녀는 돈을 모으는 습관을 길렀어요.
Swi v hebit ob seibig mvni. / Racos

Hi cibd mi nani vdbjs bvlso mvni. : [cibd] [nani ~ bvlso]
(He gave me not only advice but also money.) : (gave) (not only ~ but also)
그는 조언뿐만 아니라 돈도 주었다.
Hi mi nani vdbjs bvlso mvni. / Risbon

J bid v studvnt rast iv. : [bid]
(I was a student last year.) : (was)
나는 작년에 학생이었다.
J v studvnt rast iv. / Sidni
Yu bid v studvnt rast iv. : [bid]
(You were a student last year.) : (were)
너는 작년에 학생이었다.
Yu v studvnt rast iv. / Vklend
Hi bid v studvnt rast iv. : [bid]
(He was a student last year.) : (was)
그는 작년에 학생이었다.
Hi v studvnt rast iv. / Akra
Swi bid v studvnt rast iv. : [bid]
(She was a student last year.) : (was)
그녀는 작년에 학생이었다.
Swi v studvnt rast iv. / Moskoba
Dei bid studvntz rast iv. : [bid]
(They were students last year.) : (were)
그들은 작년에 학생이었다.
Dei studvntz rast iv. / Svul

J sinkd yu ud pinisin it by den. : [ud pinisin]
(I thought would have finished it by then.) : (would have finished)
그 때까지는 네가 일을 마쳤을 것으로 생각했었다.
J sinkd yu it by den. / Riyad

J pocetd hegig mj kot on dv huk. : [pocetd] [pocet - pocetd - pocetl]
(I forgot hanging my coat on the hook.) : (forgot) (forget - forgot - will forget)
나는 고리에 외투를 걸어놓은 것을 잊었다.
J hegig mj kot on dv huk. / Oslo

J hebd v pilig dv stov bid klozd. : [hebd] [heb - hebd - hebl]
(I had a feeling the store was closed.) : (had) (have - had - will have)
나는 그가게문이 닫혀있을것같은 기분이 들었어요.
J v pilig dv stov bid klozd. / Santo domigco

Karin dud dv disiz eptv dinv. : [dud] [du - dud - dul]
(Karin did the dishes after dinner.) : (did) (do - did - will do)
카린은 저녁먹은후에 설거지를 했다.
Karin dv disiz eptv dinv. / Kolkata

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3) (l ← will v) (l : verb future)
(bil ← will be) (bil : be future)
(future)   (미래)

Swi stvdil Wvldrisi. : [stvdil] [stvdi - stvdid - stvdil]
(She will study Worldrisi.) : (will study) (study - studied - will study)
그녀는 월드리시를 공부할 것이다.
Swi Wvldrisi. / Monika

Priti sun yu noul dv ensv. : [noul] [nou - noud - noul]
(Pretty soon you will know the answer.) : (will know) (know - knew - will know)
머지않아 당신은 답을알게 될거예요.
Priti sun yu dv ensv.

Hi bail v buk tumoro. : [bail] [bai - baid - bail]
(He will buy a book tomorrow.) : (will buy) (buy - bought - will buy)
그는 내일 책한권을 살 것이다.
Hi v buk tumoro. / Bagkok

J hebl tu sei no dis tjm. : [hebl tu] [heb - hebd - hebl]
(I will have to say no this time.) : (will have to) (have - had - will have)
이번엔 거절해야될 것 같아요.
J sei no dis tjm. / Male

J bil v studvnt next iv. : [bil]
(I will be a student next year.) : (will be)
나는 내년에 학생이 될것이다.
J v studvnt next iv. / Plaha
Yu bil v studvnt next iv. : [bil]
(You will be a student next year.) : (will be)
너는 내년에 학생이 될것이다.
Yu v studvnt next iv. / Wiliam
Hi bil v studvnt next iv. : [bil]
(He will be a student next year.) : (will be)
그는 내년에 학생이 될것이다.
Hi v studvnt next iv. / Bolcatagca
Swi bil v studvnt next iv. : [bil]
(She will be a student next year.) : (will be)
그녀는 내년에 학생이 될것이다.
Swi v studvnt next iv. / Borneo
Dei bil studvntz next iv. : [bil]
(They will be students next year.) : (will be)
그들은 내년에 학생이 될것이다.
Dei studvntz next iv. / Palau

Dei trjl tu wvk aut v cud meim. : [trjl]
(They will try to work out a good name.) : (will try)
그들은 좋은이름을 생각해 내려고 노력할 거예요.
Dei tu wvk aut v cud meim. / Yvnhezu

Kevpuli meikig v plen helpl yum vfib yuv colz. : [helpl] [yu - yuv - yum - yuvs - yuvselp]
(Carefully making a plan will help you achieve your goals.) : (will help) (you - your - you - yours - yourself)
계획을 신중히 세우는 것은 당신이 목표를 달성하는데 도움이 될것이다.
Kevpuli meikig v plen yum vfib yuv colz. / Pyvgyag

trains_up.gif wvldbod

4) (bn ← have/has pp)
(bn : verb present perfect)
(present perfect)   (현재완료)

J stvdin Wvldrisi. : [stvdin] [stvdin - stvdidn - stvdiln]
(I have studied Worldrisi.) : (have studied) (have/has studied - had studied - will have studied)
나는 지금까지 월드리시를 공부해왔다.
J Wvldrisi. / Sonya

J noun hvm sins swi bid v fjld. : [noun] [swi - hv - hvm - hvs - hvselp]
(I have known her since she was a child.) : (have known) (she - her - her - hers - herself)
나는 그녀를 어렸을때부터 알고있다.
J hvm sins swi bid v fjld. / Hofimin
[nou - noud - noul] [noun - noudn - nouln]
(know - knew - will know) (have/has known - had known - will have known)

Wi zvst itn dinv. : [zvst itn]
(We have just eaten dinner.) : (have just eaten)
우리는 지금 막 저녁식사를 했습니다.
(We dinner.) / Rara

Dei con tu Prans. : [con]
(They have gone to France.) : (have gone)
그들은 프랑스에 가벼렸다.
(They to France.) / Tonya

Zein ribn in Rvndvn pv 10 ivz. : [ribn]
(Jane in London for 10 years.) : (has lived)
제인은 런던에서 10년동안 살고 있다. / Zein

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5) (dn ← had pp) (dn : verb past perfect)
(past perfect) (past perfect = past participle)
(과거완료) (과거완료를 과거분사로 함께사용함)

J tvndn op ol dv rjtz bipo J ribd dv opis. : [tvndn]
(I off all the lights before I left the office.) : (had turned)
나는 사무실을 나가기 전에 모든불을 다껐다. / Karen

Bipo J kvmd hiv, swi : [vlvdi ribdn]
(Before I came here, she had already left.) : (had already left)
내가 여기에 오기전에 그녀는 이미 떠나버렸다. / Pyvgyag

\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ Wen J cetd hom, mj pemli vlvdi pinisidn dinv widaut mi. : [vlvdi pinisidn]
(When I got home, my family had already finished dinner without me.) : (had already finished)
내가 집에갔을 때, 나의가족은 이미 저녁을 다 먹었다.

Ip yu cibdn invp pud tu yuv ritl bvdz, dei ud na djdn. : [cibdn] [ud na djdn]
(If you had given enough food to your little birds, they would not have died.) : (had given) (would not have died)
네 작은 새들에게 충분한 모이를 주었더면 죽지 않았을 게다.

No sunv [vrjbdn] wi hiv den it bicind tu rein. : [vrjbdn wi]
(No sooner had we arrived here than it began to rain.) : (had we arrived)



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6) (ln ← will have pp)
(ln : verb future perfect)
(future perfect)   (미래완료)

J pinisiln dv wvk bj tumoro. : [pinisiln]
(I the work by tomorrow.) : (will have finished)
나는 내일까지는 그일을 끝마쳤을 것이다. / Paris

J pinisiln dv wvk bj dv tjm yu kvm. : [pinisiln]
(I the work by the time you come.) : (will have finished)
네가올때쯤이면 그일을 모두끝마쳤을 것이다. / Santieco

Dv wvld prom dv pendemik bj wintv 2023. : [rikvbvln]
(The world will have recovered from the pandemic by winter 2023.) : (will have recovered)
2023년 겨울까지는 세계는 펜데믹을 극복했을 것입니다. / Santodomigco

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7) (big ← am/are/is ing)
(big : verb present continuous)
(present continuous)   (현재진행)

Hi kauntig his kesi. : [kauntig]
(He his cash.) : (is counting)
그는 현금을 세고있는 중입니다.(now 불필요) / Sansalbador

J seibig pv v trip. : [seibig]
(I for a trip.) : (am saving)
나는 여행가려고 돈을 모으고 있어요. / Rigkonada

J mj homwvk. : [duig]
(I am doing my homework.) : (am doing)
나는 숙제를 하고있는 중이다. / Yagcon

J aut wid no mvni. : [statig]
(I am starting out with no money.) : (am starting)
저는 돈이 전혀없이 시작하는 거예요. / Nyudeli

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8) (dig ← was/were ing)
(dig : verb past continuous)
(past continuous)   (과거진행)

J stvdidig Wvldrisi wen yu kold mi. : [stvdidig]
(I Worldrisi when you called me.) : (was studying)
나는 네가 전화했을 때 월드리시를 공부하는 중이었다. / Sizinpig

Dei dinv et det tjm. : [hebdig]
(They were having dinner at that time.) : (were having)
그들은 그때 저녁을 먹고 있는 중이었다. / Risbon

trains_up.gif wvldbod


9) (lig ← will be ing)
(lig : verb future continuous)
(future continuous)   (미래진행)

Dei Wvldrisi. : [stvdilig]
(They will be studying Worldrish.) : (will be studying)
그들은 월드리시를 공부하는 중일 것이다. / Sjcog

Hi bailig v buk tumoro. : [bailig]
(He a book tomorrow.) : (will be buying)
그는 내일 책한권을 사고 있을 것이다. / Bienna

Wi riblig Svul et se in dv monig. : [riblig]
(We Seoul at seven in the morning.) : (will be leaving)
우리는 아침 7시에 서울을 떠날거야. / Mariupol

trains_up.gif wvldbod


10) (bnig ← have/has been ing)
(bnig : verb present perfect continuous)
(present perfect continuous)   (현재완료진행)

J ribnig in Svul pv 10 ivz. : [ribnig]
(I in Seoul for 10 years.) : (have been living)
나는 지금까지 10년동안 서울에서 살고있는 중이다. / Sikaco

J Wvldrisi pv 3 ivz. : [stvdinig]
(I have been studying Worldrisi for 3 years.) : (have been studying)
나는 지금까지 3년동안 월드리시를 공부해 오고있는 중이다. / Seikspiv

It snounig sins yestvdei. : [snounig]
(It since yesterday.) : (has been snowing)
눈이 어제부터 계속 내리고 있다. / Aleska

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11) (dnig ← had been ing)
(dnig : verb past perfect continuous)
(past perfect continuous)   (과거완료진행)

Wen J vrjbd hom, mj mam dv haus. : [klindnig]
(When I arrived home, my mom had been cleaning the house.) : (had been cleaning)
내가 집에 도착했을 때, 우리 엄마는 집을 청소하고 있던 중이었다. / Benis

Et rast, dv bvs kvmd. J weitdnig pv 30 minitz. : [weitdnig]
(At last, the bus came. I for 30 minutes.) : (had been waiting)
드디어 버스가 왔다. 나는 30분동안 기다리고있는 중이었다. / Helen kelv

Hi trjdnig tu cet hvm on dv pon. : [trjdnig]
(He to get her on the phone.) : (had been trying)
그는 그녀와 통화를 시도하고 있었던 중이었다 (그 당시에도) / Trvmp

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12) (lnig ← will have been ing)
(lnig : verb future perfect continuous)
(future perfect continuous)   (미래완료진행)

It reinlnig pv 3 deiz bj tumoro. : [reinlnig]
(It will have been raining for 3 days by tomorrow.) : (will have been raining)
내일이면 비가 3일간 계속 내리고 있는중 일거야.

J stvdilnig Wvldrisi bj next iv. : [stvdilnig]
(I will have been studying Worldrish by next year.) : (will have been studying)
나는 내년에도 월드리시를 공부하고 있는 중일거야.

Yu wvklnig hiv pv 10 ivz next wik. : [wvklnig]
(You will have been working here for 10 years next week.) : (will have been working)
너는 다음주까지는 여기서 10년동안 일하게 되는 셈이다.(다음주에도 일을계속함)

Yu ridlnig dis nobel bj nun. : [ridlnig]
(You will have been reading this novel by noon.) : (will have been reading)
당신은 이소설을 정오까지 계속 읽고 있을 것이다.


* prektis : (lnig ← will have been ing)
(practice) : (future perfect continuous)
실습 : 긍정문미래완료진행

It [ ] pv 3 deiz bj tumoro. : [reinlnig]
(It will have been raining for 3 days by tomorrow.) : (will have been raining)
내일이면 비가 3일간 계속 내리고 있는중 일거야.

J [ ] Wvldrisi bj next iv. : [stvdilnig]
(I will have been studying Worldrish by next year.) : (will have been studying)
나는 내년에도 월드리시를 공부하고 있는 중일거야.

Yu [ ] hiv pv 10 ivz next wik. : [wvklnig]
(You will have been working here for 10 years next week.) : (will have been working)
너는 다음주까지는 여기서 10년동안 일하게 되는 셈이다.(다음주에도 일을계속함)

Swi [ ] dis nobel bj nun. : [ridlnig]
(She will have been reading this novel by noon.) : (will have been reading)
그녀는 이소설을 정오까지 계속 읽고 있을 것이다.
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13) (bi b ← am/are/is pp)
(bi : be present passive   b : verb present)
(present passive)   (현재수동태)

Yu bi rvb bj him. : [bi rvb]
(You are loved by him.) : (are loved)
너는 그에의해 사랑을 받는다.

Ol menz bi krieit ikwvl. : [bi krieit]
(All men are created equal.) : (are created)
모든사람들은 평등하게 창조되었다.

Wjn bi meik prom creipz. : [bi meik prom creipz]
(Wine is m?de from grapes.) : (is m?de from grapes)
포도주는 포도를 원료로 하여 만들어진다.

Dv best sigz in raip na bi si ov hiv bvt pil wid dv hat. : [na bi si ov hiv bvt pil]
(The best things in life are not seen or heard but felt with the heart.) : (are not seen or heard but felt)
인생에서 가장좋은 것들은 보이거나 경청되는 것이 아니라 마음으로 느껴지는 것이다.

V men bi nou bj dv kvmpvni hi kip. : [bi nou]
(A man is known by the company he keeps.) : (is known)
사귀는 친구를보면 그의 사람됨을 알 수 있다.

J insist det hi sud bi inbjt. : [sud bi inbjt]
(I insist that he should be invited.) : (should be invited)
나는 그가 초대되어야 한다고 주장한다.

Clobvl wvmig bi koz bj polusvn. : [bi koz]
(Global warming is caused by pollution.) : (is caused)
지구온난화는 오염에의해 야기된다.


* prektis : (bi b ← am/are/is pp)
(practice) : (present passive)
실습 : 긍정문현재수동태

Yu [ ] bj him. : [bi rvb]
(You are loved by him.) : (are loved)
너는 그에의해 사랑을 받는다.

Ol menz [ ] ikwvl. : [bi krieit]
(All men are created equal.) : (are created)
모든사람들은 평등하게 창조되었다.

Wjn [ ]. : [bi meik prom creipz]
(Wine is m?de from grapes.) : (is m?de from grapes)
포도주는 포도를 원료로 하여 만들어진다.

Dv best sigz in raip [ ] wid dv hat. : [na bi si ov hiv bvt pil]
(The best things in life are not seen or heard but felt with the heart.) : (are not seen or heard but felt)
인생에서 가장좋은 것들은 보이거나 경청되는 것이 아니라 마음으로 느껴지는 것이다.

V men [ ] bj dv kvmpvni hi kip. : [bi nou]
(A man is known by the company he keeps.) : (is known)
사귀는 친구를보면 그의 사람됨을 알 수 있다.

J insist det hi [ ]. : [sud bi inbjt]
(I insist that he should be invited.) : (should be invited)
나는 그가 초대되어야 한다고 주장한다.

Clobvl wvmig [ ] bj polusvn. : [bi koz]
(Global warming is caused by pollution.) : (is caused)
지구온난화는 오염에의해 야기된다.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

14) (bid d ← was/were pp)
(bid : be past passive   d : verb past)
(past passive)   (과거수동태)

Dv trein bid dileid. [bj dv trein kvmpeni] : [bid dileid]
(The train was delayed.) (by the train company) : (was delayed)
기차가 지연되었다.

Hi bid cibd v prezent bj mi. : [bid cibd]
(He was given a present by me.) : (was given)
그는 나에의해 선물을 1개 받았다.

Mj dok bid neimd toto bj mi. : [bid neimd]
(My dog was named toto by me.) : (was named)
나의 개는 나에의해 토토라고 이름지어졌다.

Hi bid hivd sigig bj mi. : [bid hivd]
(He was heard singing by me.) : (was heard)
그가 노래하는것이 나에의해 들려졌다.

Svmwvn bid sid breikig dv windou bj mi. : [bid sid]
(Someone was seen breaking the window by me.) : (was seen)
나는 누군가가 창문을 깨는것이 보였다.

Wi bid meikd tu stvdi had pv dv iczem bj mj tifv. : [bid meikd]
(We were made to study hard for the exam by my teacher.) : (were made)
선생님에 의해 우리가 시험을위해 열심히 공부하도록 했다.

Hv wedig rig bid pjndd vndv dv bed. : [bid pjndd] [bi pjnd - bid pjndd - bil pjndl]
(Her wedding ring was found under the bed.) : (was found) (am/are/is found - was/were found - will be found)
그녀의 결혼반지는 침대밑에서 발견되었다.


* prektis : (bid d ← was/were pp)
(practice) : (past passive)
실습 : 긍정문과거수동태

Dv trein [ ]. [bj dv trein kvmpeni] : [bid dileid]
(The train was delayed.) (by the train company) : (was delayed)
기차가 지연되어졌다.

Hi [ ] v prezent bj mi. : [bid cibd]
(He was given a present by me.) : (was given)
그는 나에의해 선물을 1개 받았다.

Mj dok [ ] toto bj mi. : [bid neimd]
(My dog was named toto by me.) : (was named)
나의 개는 나에의해 토토라고 이름지어졌다.

Hi [ ] sigig bj mi. : [bid hivd]
(He was heard singing by me.) : (was heard)
그가 노래하는것이 나에의해 들려졌다.

Svmwvn [ ] breikig dv windou bj mi. : [bid sid]
(Someone was seen breaking the window by me.) : (was seen)
나는 누군가가 창문을 깨는것이 보였다.

Wi [ ] tu stvdi had pv dv iczem bj mj tifv. : [bid meikd]
(We were made to study hard for the exam by my teacher.) : (were made)
선생님에 의해 우리가 시험을위해 열심히 공부하도록 했다.

Hv wedig rig [ ] vndv dv bed. : [bid pjndd] [bi pjnd - bid pjndd - bil pjndl]
(Her wedding ring was found under the bed.) : (was found) (am/are/is found - was/were found - will be found)
그녀의 결혼반지는 침대밑에서 발견되었다.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

15) (bil l ← will be pp)
(bil : be future passive   l : verb future)
(future passive)   (미래수동태)

Swi bil inbjtl tu tudeis mitig. : [bil inbjtl]
(She will be invited to today’s meeting.) : (will be invited)
그녀는 오늘의 모임에 초대될것이다.

Yu bil rvbl bj hvm. : [bil rvbl]
(You will be loved by her.) : (will be loved)
너는 그녀에의해 사랑을 받을거다.

It bil dul bj tumoro. : [bil dul]
(It will be done by tomorrow.) : (will be done)
내일까지는 완성될거야.


* prektis : (bil l ← will be pp)
(practice) : (future passive)
실습 : 긍정문미래수동태

Swi [ ] tu tudeis mitig. : [bil inbjtl]
(She will be invited to today’s meeting.) : (will be invited)
그녀는 오늘의 모임에 초대될 것이다.

Yu bil rvbl bj him. : [bil rvbl]
(You ( ) by him.) : (will be loved) 너는 그에의해 사랑을 받을거다.

It [ ] bj tumoro. : [bil dul]
(It will be done by tomorrow.) : (will be done)
내일까지는 완성될거야.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

16) (bi bn ← have/has been pp)
(bi:be present passive   bn:verb present perfect)
(present perfect passive)   (현재완료수동태)

Dis papulv tuvrist vtreksvn bi polutn bj bizitvz. : [bi polutn]
(This popular tourist attraction has been polluted by visitors.) : (has been polluted)
이 인기있는 관광지는 방문객들에 의해 오염되어왔다.

Dv svspekt bi vrestn. : [bi vrestn]
(The suspect has been arrested.) : (has been arrested)
그 용의자는 체포되었다.

Hiv bi 4 beisik sistemz det bi yuzn. : [bi yuzn]
(Here are 4 basic systems that have been used.) : (have been used)
여기에 지금까지 사용되어 온 4가지 기본 체계가 있다.

Dis papulv tuvrist vtreksvn [ ] bj bizitvz. : [bi polutn]
(This popular tourist attraction has been polluted by visitors.) : (has been polluted)
이 인기있는 관광지는 방문객들에 의해 오염되어왔다.


* prektis : (bi bn ← have/has been pp)
(practice) : (present perfect passive)
실습 : 긍정문현재완료수동태

Dv svspekt [ ]. : [bi vrestn]
(The suspect has been arrested.) : (has been arrested)
그 용의자는 체포되었다.

Hiv bi 4 beisik sistemz det [ ]. : [bi yuzn]
(Here are 4 basic systems that have been used.) : (have been used)
여기에 지금까지 사용되어 온 4가지 기본 체계가 있다.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

17) (bid dn ← had been pp)
(bid : be past passive   dn : verb past perfect)
(past perfect passive)   (과거완료수동태)

Dv dip bid sidn bj hvm. : [bid sidn]
(The thief had been seen by her.) : (had been seen)
그 도둑은 그녀에 의해서 목격되었다.

Wvldrisi bid stvdidn bj dem. : [bid stvdidn]
(Worldrish had been studied by them.) : (had been studied)
월드리시는 그들에 의해 연구되었다.

Dv klvk seid mj pekizi bid dilibvdn. : [bid dilibvdn]
(The clerk said my package had been delivered.) : (had been delivered)
그 점원은 내 소포가 배달되었다고 말했어.


* prektis : (bid dn ← had been pp)
(practice) : (past perfect passive)
실습 : 긍정문과거완료수동태

Dv dip [ ] bj hvm. : [bid sidn]
(The thief had been seen by her.) : (had been seen)
그 도둑은 그녀에 의해서 목격되었다.

Wvldrisi [ ] bj dem. : [bid stvdidn]
(Worldrish had been studied by them.) : (had been studied)
월드리시는 그들에 의해 연구되었다.

Dv klvk seid mj pekizi [ ]. : [bid dilibvdn]
(The clerk said my package had been delivered.) : (had been delivered)
그 점원은 내 소포가 배달되었다고 말했어.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

18) (bil ln ← will have been pp)
(bil : be future passive   ln : verb future perfect)
(future perfect passive)   (미래완료수동태)

Dv wvk bil pinisiln bj next wik. : [bil pinisiln]
(The work will have been finished by next week.) : (will have been finished)
그 일은 다음주까지는 완성되어져 있을것이다.

dei bil kvlektln bj dv studvntz. : [bil kvlektln]
(They will have been collected by the students.) : (will have been collected)
그것들은 학생들에 의해서 수집되어져 있을 것이다.

It bi bilib det bj 2030, meni speis steisvnz bil bildln bitin dv vs en dv mun. : [bil bildln]
(It is believed that by 2030, many space stations will have been built between the earth and the moon.) : (will have been built)
2030년까지 많은 우주정거장이 지구와 달 사이에 건설될 것이라고 여겨진다.


* prektis : (bil ln ← will have been pp)
(practice) : (future perfect passive)
실습 : 긍정문미래완료수동태

Dv wvk [ ] bj next wik. : [bil pinisiln]
(The work will have been finished by next week.) : (will have been finished)
그 일은 다음주까지는 완성되어져 있을것이다.

dei [ ] bj dv studvntz. : [bil kvlektln]
(They will have been collected by the students.) : (will have been collected)
그것들은 학생들에 의해서 수집되어져 있을 것이다.

It bi bilib det bj 2030, meni speis steisvnz [ ] bitin dv vs en dv mun. : [bil bildln]
(It is believed that by 2030, many space stations will have been built between the earth and the moon.) : (will have been built)
2030년까지 많은 우주정거장이 지구와 달 사이에 건설될 것이라고 여겨진다.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

19) (bi big ← am/are/is being pp)
(bi : be present passive   big : verb present continuous)
(present continuous passive)   (현재진행수동태)

Yu bi rvbig bj hvm. : [bi rvbig]
(You are being loved by her.) : (are being loved)
너는 그녀에의해 사랑받는 중이다.

Hv beibi bi pidig bj hv mom. : [bi pidig]
(Her baby is being fed by her mom.) : (is being fed)
아이는 엄마가 밥을 먹는중이다.

J hebd v ka eksidvnt en mj ka bi pixig nau. : [bi pixig]
(I had a car accident and my car is being fixed now.) : (is being fixed)
나 차사고 났었고 내차는 지금 수리되는 중이야.


* prektis : (bi big ← am/are/is being pp)
(practice) : (present continuous passive)
실습 : 긍정문현재진행수동태

Yu [ ] bj him. : [bi rvbig]
(You are being loved by him.) : (are being loved)
너는 그에의해 사랑받는 중이다.

Hv beibi [ ] bj hv mom. : [bi pidig]
(Her baby is being fed by her mom.) : (is being fed)
아이는 엄마가 밥을 먹는중이다.

J hebd v ka eksidvnt en mj ka [ ] nau. : [bi pixig]
(I had a car accident and my car is being fixed now.) : (is being fixed)
나 차사고 났었고 내차는 지금 수리되는 중이야.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

20) (bid dig ← was/were being pp)
(bid : be past passive   dig : verb past continuous)
(past continuous passive)   (과거진행수동태)

Yu bid rvbdig bj hvm. : [bid rvbdig]
(You were being loved by her.) : (were being loved)
너는 그녀에의해 사랑받는 중이었다.

Wen J sid him, hi bid bitdig vp bj dem. : [bid bitdig]
(When I saw him, he was being beaten up by them.) : (was being beaten)
내가 그를 봤을 때, 그는 그들에게 맞고있었다.


* prektis : (bid dig ← was/were being pp)
(practice) : (past continuous passive)
실습 : 긍정문과거진행수동태

Yu [ ] bj him. : [bid rvbdig]
(You were being loved by him.) : (were being loved)
너는 그에의해 사랑받는 중이었다.

Wen J sid him, hi [ ] vp bj dem. : [bid bitdig] [bit - bitd - bitl]
(When I saw him, he was being beaten up by them.) : (was being beaten) (beat - beat - will beat)
내가 그를 봤을 때, 그는 그들에게 맞고있었다.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

21) (bil lig ← will be being pp)
(bil : be future passive   lig : verb future continuous)
(future continuous passive)   (미래진행수동태)

Yu bil rvblig bj hvm. : [bil rvblig]
(You will be being loved by her.) : (will be being loved)
너는 그녀에의해 사랑받는 중일거다.

It bil rimublig et yu wvnt. : [bil rimublig]
(It will be being removed at you want.) : (will be being removed)
네가 원하는 시간에 치워지고 있을 것이야.


* prektis : (bil lig ← will be being pp)
(practice) : (future continuous passive)
실습 : 긍정문미래진행수동태

Yu [ ] bj hvm. : [bil rvblig]
(You will be being loved by her.) : (will be being loved)
너는 그녀에의해 사랑받는 중일거다.

It [ ] et yum wvnt. : [bil rimublig]
(It will be being removed at you want.) : (will be being removed)
네가 원하는 시간에 치워지고 있을 것이야.
trains_up.gif wvldbod

22) (bi bnig ← have/has been being pp)
(bi : be present passive   bnig : verb present perfect continuous)
(present perfect continuous passive)   (현재완료진행수동태)

Sins Nobembv, dv plen Bi bi pripevnig [bj dem]. : [bi pripevnig]
(Since November, the plan B has been being prepared (by them).) : (has been being prepared)
11월부터, 플랜B가 준비되어지고 있는중이다.

Dokz bi ruknig eptv bj humvnz pv sauzend ob ivz. : [bi ruknig eptv]
(Dogs have been being looked after by humans for thousand of years.) : (have been being looked after)
개들은 수천년동안 인간에 의해 돌보아지고있는 중이다.

Tuu mvfi polusvn bi dumpnig in dv ribv. : [bi dumpnig]
(Too much pollution has been being dumped in the river.) : (has been being dumped)
너무나 많은 오염물질이 그 강에 버려지고 있다.


* prektis : (bi bnig ← have/has been being pp)
(practice) : (present perfect continuous passive)
실습 : 긍정문현재완료진행수동태

Sins Nobembv, dv plen Bi [ ] [bj dem]. : [bi pripevnig]
(Since November, the plan B has been being prepared (by them).) : (has been being prepared)
11월부터, 플랜B가 준비되어지고 있다.

Dokz [ ] bj humvnz pv sauzend ob ivz. : [bi ruknig eptv]
(Dogs have been being looked after by humans for thousand of years.) : (have been being looked after)
개들은 수천년동안 인간에 의해 돌보아지고있는 중이다.

Tuu mvfi polusvn [ ] in dv ribv. : [bi dumpnig]
(Too much pollution has been being dumped in the river.) : (has been being dumped)
너무나 많은 오염물질이 그 강에 버려지고 있다.

trains_up.gif wvldbod