1 beisik rulz
(basic rules)
기본규칙

1) Wvldbet[22] [wvldbet sog]
2) (v ← a/an) (dv ← the)
3) (J j ← I ai) (Rr = Ll)
4) [s ← 's] [z ← s]
(possessive) (plural)
5) (b ← verb s/es)
(bi ← am/are/is)
6) (na b ← do/does not v)
(na bi ← am/are/is not)
7) (b S? ← do/does S v?)
(bi S? ← am/are/is S?)
8) pvsnvl pronaun
(personal pronoun)
9) bvb teibl : b d l bi bid bil
(verb table) : (v) (ed) (will v) (am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
(동사표) : (present) (past) (future) (be present) (be past) (be future)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


1) Wvldbet[22] : [wvn spelig → wvn korekt pronvnceisvn]
(Worldbet) : (one spelling → one correct pronunciation)
(월드벹) : (22자로 한글자당 정확한 한발음)

Wvldbet[22] : Tt 1 Bb 2 Dd 3 Pp 4 Yy 5 Ff 6 Ss 7 Hh 8 Zz 9 Nn 0 Mm ,0 Kk ,,0 Cc ,,,0 Rr ,,,,0 Ww ,,,,,0 Gg ∞0 Aa Vv  I i Uu Ee Oo
[Wvldrisi] : [te] [bv] [di] [po] [yv] [fo] [se] [ha] [zi] [ne] [mv] [ke] [cu] [ra] [wv] [ug] [a] [v] [i] [u] [e] [o]
(Korean) : (테) (버) (디) (포) (여) (초) (세) (하) (지) (네) (머) (케) (구) (라) (워) (웅) (아) (어) (이) (우) (에) (오)


: Tt Bb Dd Pp Yy
[te] [bv] [di] [po] [yv]
(테) (버) (디) (포) (여)
: Ff Ss Hh Zz Nn
[fo [se] [ha] [zi] [ne]
(초) (세) (하) (지) (네)
: Mm Kk Cc Rr Ww Gg
[mv] [ke] [cu] [ra] [wv] [ug]
(머 (케) (구) (라) (워) (웅)
: Aa Vv I i Uu Ee Oo
[a] [v] [i] [u] [e] [o]
(아) (어) (이) (우) (에) (오)


[Tt] [Bb] [Dd] [Pp] [Yy]
: te bv di po yv
(테) (버) (디) (포) (여)
[Ff] [Ss] [Hh] [Zz] [Nn]
: fo se ha zi ne
(초) (세) (하) (지) (네)
[Mm] [Kk] [Cc] [Rr] [Ww] [Gg]
: mv ke cu ra wv ug
(머 (케) (구) (라) (워) (웅)
[Aa] [Vv] [I i] [Uu] [Ee] [Oo]
: a v i u e o
(아) (어) (이) (우) (에) (오)

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Tt 1 : 1 : [te]   10 : [ten]   100 : [tel]   0 : [ne]
[te] : (ten 10)을 기준으로 1은 te, 100은 tel, 0은 ne로 만듬
(테) : ten tel mv ug의 받침(n l m g)을 이용해 quadrillion(천조) 다음수들을 연속적으로 만듬 (test   ten   Texas   tenvnt ← tenant   terv ← terror   tel ← tell   teleskop ← telescope   tempteisvn ← temptation)
: (tenant) / seipza
: (terror) / cogpo
: (tell) / malhada
: (telescope) / magwvncyvg
: (tender) / dazvghan
: [tempteisvn] / yuhok
: (Tuesday) / hwayoil
: (tongue) / hyv
: [topik] / hwaze

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Bb 2 : 2 : [bv]   20 : [bvn]   200 : [bvl]
[bv] (bʌ) : Bb는 be동사와 혼돈되지 않도록 [bv]로 설정
(버) : [te]와 [di]사이에 안겹치는 모음 [v]를 배치 [te bv di] (b ← b v) (bvs ← bus   bvb ← verb   bvd ← bird   bvbl ← bubble   bvfuvl ← virtual)
: (bus) / bvs
: [bvb] / dogsa
: (bird) / se
: [bvbl] / cvpum
: [bvn] / tada
: [bvfuvl] / casagui
: (vast) / bagdehan
: [bjsikl] / zazvncv
: (version) / pan
: [bibid] / segseghan
: (vintage) / nalcn
: [beri] / meu

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Dd 3 : 3 : [di]   30 : [din]   300 : [dil]
[di] : Dd는 한발음으로 [di 3]에 적용
(디) : [bv]와 [po] 사이에 안겹치는 모음 [i]를 배치[bv di po] (disk   dis ← this   disjd ← decide   dil ← deal   diskvs ← discuss   disk   dis ← this   disjd ← decide   dv ← the   dv end ← the end)
: [dis] / icvt
: [disk] / wvnban
: (decide) / cvlzvghada
: [dil] / cvre
: [div] / finehanun
: [diskvs] / toronhada
: [dv] / cucvt
: [dv ev] / cogci
: [dv end] / kut
: [dum] / pamyvl

trains_up.gif wvldbod


Pp 4 : 4 : [po]   40 : [pon]   400 : [pol]
[po] : Pp는 four를 한단어 [po 4]로 만듬
(포) : (p ← p f) (p와 f는 비슷한발음이라 p발음으로합침 (p ← p f) (po ← four   point   pok ← pork , fork   pofun ← fortune)
: [po] / sa
: [point] / zvm
: (poem) / si
: [pok] / samzifag
: [pos] / cise
: [pocet] /itda
: [posizn] / sacezvl
: (fall) / caul
: [problem] / munze


Yy 5 : 5 : [yv]   50 : [yvn]   500 : [yvl]
[yv] (yʌ) : Yy는 대칭모양으로 1과 10가운데 [yv 5]에 배치
(여) : [po]와 [fo]사이에 안겹치는모음 [v]를 배치 [po yv fo] (yvg ← young   Yukon   yu ← you   yus ← youth   yuspul ← useful   Yurvp ← Europe)
: [yvg] / zvlmn
: [Yukon]
: (you) / nv
: [yus] / fvgfvun
: [yuspul] / yuyoghan
: [Yurvp]
: [yunik] / doktkhan
: (yes) / ye


Ff 6 : 6 : [fo]   60 : [fon]   600 : [fol]
[fo] (cho) : Ff : [fo ← cho]새로운 발음을 만듬(f ← ch)
(초) : [yv]와 [se]사이에 안겹치는모음 [o]를배치 [yv fo se] (f ← ch) (fois ← choice   fokvlit ← chocolate   fam ← charm   fans ← chance)
: [fois] / svntek
: [fok] / bunpil
: (chocolate) / fokvlit
: (change) / byvncyvg
: [fam] / mervk
: [fans] / cihwe
: [fvgki] / dutumhan


Ss 7 : 7 : [se]   70 : [sen]   700 : [sel]
[se] : Ss는 seven을 한단어로 줄여 [se 7]로 만듬
(세) : [fo]와 [ha] 사이에 안겹치는 모음 [e]를 배치 [fo se ha] (s ← s c) (sebn ← seven   send   sex   selp ← self   sentv ← center   svkl ← circle   sjvns ← science)
: [sebn] / se
: [send] / boneda
: [sex] / svgbyvl
: [selp] / zasin
: [senseisvn] / dolpug
: (circle) / wvn
: [sjvns] / cwahak
: [semvn] / yvnv
: [sinario] / debon


Hh 8 : 8 : [ha]   80 : [han]   800 : [hal]
[ha] : Hh는 일본수8(ha)을 [ha 8]에적용
(하) : [se]와 [zi] 사이에 안겹치는 모음 [a]를 배치 [se ha zi] (had ← hard   hau ← how   haus ← house   habist ← harvest   hamoni ← harmony   hj ← high)
: [had] / dandanhan
: [hau] / vtvke
: (house) / zip
: (harbvest) / suhwakhada
: [hamoni] / zohwa
: [hj] / nopn
: [hauzig] / zutek
: (hell) / ziok
: (heyday) / zvnsvgci


Zz 9 : 9 : [zi]   90 : [zin]   900 : [zil]
[zi] : Zz는 중국수9(zi)를 [zi 9]에적용
(지) : [ha]와 [ne] 사이에 안겹치는 모음 [i]를 배치 [ha zi ne] (z ← z g j) (zipv ← zipper   ziocrepi ← geography   Zenuvri ← January   zvzi ← judge)
: [zipv]
: [ziczec] / cubulhan
: (geography) / ziri
: [zvmp] / twida
: [Zenuvri] / ilwvl
[zvzi] / pandanhada


Nn 0 : 0 : [ne]   1 : [te]   10 : [ten]   100 : [tel]
[ne] : Nn는 (ten 10)의 받침 en를 [ne 0]로 만듬
(네) : [zi]와 [mv]사이에 안겹치는 모음 [e]를 배치[zi ne mv] (nest   next   neim ← name   netwvk ← network   nebv ← never   nebiceisvn ← navigation)
na nani A bvlso B
(not) (not only A but also B)
아닌 A뿐만아니라 B도
: [nest] / dugzi
: [next] / daumui
: [neim] / irm
: (network) / togsinmag
: [nebv] / zvnhyvanin
: [nebiceisvn] / cilanne
: [nomineisvn] / fufvn


Mm 1,000 : 1,000 : [mv]   10,000 : [tenmv]   100,000 : [telmv]
[mv] (mʌ)(thousand) : Mm는 많이쓰는 수로 선명한소리 [mv 1,000]로 만듬
(머) (천) : [ne]와 [ke] 사이에 안겹치는모음 [v]를 배치 [ne mv ke] (mvni ← money   mvd ← mud   mvfi ← much   mvst ← must   mvns ← month)
: [mvni] / don
: [mvd] / zinhk
: [mud] / bunwici
: [mvfi] / manun
: [mvst] / heyahanda
: [mvns] / dal
: [Mvndei] / wvlyoil


Kk 1,000,000 : 1,000,000 : [ke]   10,000,000 : [tenke]   100,000,000 : [telke]
[ke] (million) : Kk는 한단어 [ke]로 만듬
(케) (백만) : [mv]와 [cu] 사이에 안겹치는모음 [e]를 배치[mv ke cu] (k ← k c q) (ketl ← kettle   kep ← cap   kefi ← catch   kwik ← quick)
: [Kent]
: [ketl] / zuzvnza
: [kev] / dolboda
: (cap) / moza
[kefi] / zapda
: [keik] /yagcwaza
: [kwin] / yvwag
: (quick) / parn
: [kontext] / munmek


Cc 1,000,000,000 : 1,000,000,000 : [cu]   10,000,000,000 : [tencu]   100,000,000,000 : [telcu]
[cu] (gu) (billion) : Cc는 k s와 같이쓰는 발음이라 c를 새로운발음 [cu]로 만듬
(구) (십억) : [ke]와 [ra] 사이에 안겹치는모음 [u]를 배치 [ke cu ra] (c ← c g) (cud ← good   cus ← goose   Cucl ← Google   crin ← green   celvri ← gallery   co ← go)
: [cud] / zoun
: [cus] / cvwi
: (Google) / Cucl
: (green) / forok
: [celvri] / hwarag
: [co] / cada


Rr 1,000,000,000,000 : 1,000,000,000,000 : [ra]   10,000,000,000,000 : [tenra]   100,000,000,000,000 : [telra]
[ra] (trillion) : Rr는 r발음을 [ra]로 만듬
(라) (조) : [cu]와 [wv] 사이에 안겹치는모음 [a]를 배치 [cu ra wv] (Rr = Ll) (rast ← last   raunzi ← lounge   자음 : Rr   받침 : Ll (Berlin   rjt ← right)
: [rast] / mazimak
: [razi] / kvdaran
: [raunzi] / hyucesil
: (rice) / sal
: (lie) / cvzinmal
: (right) / olbarn
: [rjtnig] / bvnce

\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
Ww 1,000,000,000,000,000 : 1,000,000,000,000,000 : [wv]   10,000,000,000,000,000 : [tenwv]   100,000,000,000,000,000 : [telwv]
[wv] (wʌ) (quadrillion) : Ww는 [v]의 복합발음 [wv]로 만듬
(워) (천조) : [ra]와 [ug] 사이에 안겹치는모음 [v]를 배치 [ra wv ug] (wv ← war   wvl ← wall   wvld ← world   wvndvpul ← wonderful)

wv (   ) / zvnzeg : (war)

wvl (   ) / byvk : (wall)

[   ] (world) / sece : [wvld]

wvnig (   ) / cyvgco : (warning)

[   ] (wonderful) / nolaun : [wvndvpul]

wild (   ) / hwidurda : (wield)

Gg
∞0
: ten tel mv ug의 받침(n l m g)을 이용해 quadrillion(천조) 다음수들을 연속적으로 만듬
[ug] (ung) : Gg은 ing발음으로 받침소리 [ug]으로 만듬
(웅) : [wv]와 [a] 사이에 안겹치는모음 [u]를 배치 [wv ug a] (g ← ng) (sog ← song   sig ← sing   monig ← morning   kigkog ← kingkong)
sog (   ) / nore : (song)

sig (   ) / norehada : (sing)

[   ] (morning) / afim : [monig]

[   ] (king) / wag : [kig]

kigkog (   ) / kigkog : (kingkong)

wig (   ) / nalce : (wing)

Aa : (a Ʌ)발음을 한발음 [a]만 나게함
[a] : Aa는 모음으로 한발음 [a]로 고정
(아) : [ug]과 [v]사이에 안겹치는모음 [a]를 배치 [ug a v] (J j ← ai   atist ← artist   aktik ← arctic   jvn ← iron   jkon ← icon   auv ← hour)

J (   ) / na : ( I )

j (   ) / ai : (ai)

atist (   ) / yesulca : (artist)

afi (   ) / banwvnhyvg : (arch)

[   ] (arctic) / bukck : [aktik]

[   ] (iron) / fvl : [jvn]

jdiv (   ) / segcak : (idea)

jkon (   ) / ciho : (icon)

auv (   ) / sican : (hour)

Vv : Vv는 b와 비슷한발음으로 [v] (ʌ)발음만 나게함
[v] (ʌ) : Vv는 [v]발음으로 새로만듬
(어) : [a]와 [i] 사이에 모음 [v]를 배치 [a v i] (v ← a/an) (vbaut ← about   vndv ← under   v auv ← an hour)
: [vbaut] / yak
: [vdbjs] / fugco
: (under) / are
: [v epl] / sacwa
: [v auv] / han sican


I i : e i와 같이쓰는 발음으로 [i]발음만 나게함
[i] : I i는 [i]발음으로 고정
(이) : [v]와 [u] 사이에 모음 [i]를 배치 [v i u] (insist   imizi ← image   inbent ← invent   ibent ← event   ibnig ← evening)

imizi (   ) / moyag : (image)

ibent (   ) / hegsa : (event)

[   ] (invent) / balmyvghada : [inbent]

[   ] (important) / zugyohan : [impotvnt]

[   ] (evening) / zvnyvk : [ibnig]

Uu : u는 u Ʌ와 같이쓰나 [u]발음만 나게함
[u] : Uu는 [u]발음으로 고정
(우) : [i]와 [e] 사이에 모음 [u]를 배치 [i u e] (Uralia   Ulanbator   Ucanda ← Uganda   ud ← wood   ul ← wool   ulp ← wolf   umvn ← woman)

Uralia / Uralia

Ulanbator / Ulanbator

Ucanda (   ) / Ucanda : (Uganda)

ud (   ) / namu : (wood)

ul (   ) / yagtvl : (wool)

[   ] (wolf) / nkde : [ulp]

umvn (   ) / yvza : (woman)

Ee : (e i)발음을 한발음[e]만 나게함
[e] : Ee는 [e]발음으로 고정
(에) : [u]와 [o] 사이에 모음 [e]를 배치 [u e o] (Xx ← eks   end   en ← and   entv ← enter   envzi ← energy   expo   extra   exit   X rei)
: [end] / kut
: (and) / crico
: [entv] / drvcada
: [Xx] / eks
: [expo] / bakramhwe
: [expvdisvn] / tamhvm
: (energy) / zvgryvk
: [evpot] / coghag
: [extra] / tukbyvlhan
: [exit] / fulcu
: [X rei] / X svn
: [episod] / saphwacvn
It bi dv end ob dv iv, en J sink J hebd v priti cud iv. : [end] [en]
(It's the end of the year, and I think I had a pretty good year.) : (end) (and)
이제 연말인데, 올해 꽤 괜찬은 한해였던 것 같아요.
It bi dv end ob dv iv, J sink J hebd v priti cud iv. / Karin


Oo : o는 수정없이 바로 [o]발음으로함
[o] : Oo는 [o]발음으로 고정
(오) : [e]다음에 마지막 모음자리에 배치 [e o] (old   oil   orient   ol ← all   oun ← own   orizinvl ← original   Ocvst ← August   opsvn ← option)
: [oil] / cirm
: [orient] / dogyag
: [ol] / modu
: [oun] / zasinui
: (original) / bonriui
: (August) / hawvl
: [opsvn] / svntekcwvn

trains_up.gif wvldbod


2) (v ← a/an)   (dv ← the)   : (all use v dv)
(v ← ʌ)   : (to set a new pronunciation)
(v를 ʌ발음이 나게함)   (자음 모음 구별없이 v dv를 사용)

v pev v epl v auv v vmbrela
(a pear) (an apple) (an hour) (an umbrella)
배1개 사과1개 한시간 우산한개

in dv monig in dv eptvnun in dv ibnig dv end
(in the morning) (in the afternoon) (in the evening) (the end)
아침에 오후에 저녁에

\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\
: (a pear) / behance
: (an apple) / sacwa
: [v auv] / hansican
: [v vmbrela] / usan
: (an office) / samusil
: [dv end] / kut
: [in dv monig] / afime
: (in the afternoon) / ohue
: [in dv ibnig] / zvnyvce

trains_up.gif wvldbod

3) (J j ← I ai) (Rr = Ll)
(J ← I   j ← ai) (Berlin)
I ai발음은 J j로사용 Rr은 받침에는 Ll사용

J j jvn jkon jdiv
(I ai) (iron) (icon) (idea)
기호 생각

Berlin rul rast raunzi
(Berlin) (rule) (last) (lounge)
베를린 규칙 마지막 휴게실

: (I ai) / na

: (iron) / fvl

: (icon) / ciho

: (idea) / segcak

: (Berlin) / Berlin

: (rule) / cyufik

: (last) / mazimak

: (lounge) / hyucesil

: (lightning) / bvnce

trains_up.gif wvldbod


4) [s ← 's] [z ← s]
(possessive) (plural)
(소유격 : s) (복수형 : z)

Toms penz rjps fenzig tudeis topikz
(Tom's pens) (life-changing) (today's topics)
톰의 펜들 인생을바꿈 오늘의 주제

deskz beibiz sitiz deiz hausz
(desks) (babies) (cities) (days) (houses)
책상들 아기들 도시들 날들 집들

Diz bi Toms penz. : [Toms penz]
(These are Tom's pens .) : (Tom's pens)
이것들은 톰의 펜들이다.
Diz bi . / Seixpiv
Diz bi fildrvns bukz . : [fildrvns bukz]
(These are children's books .) : (children's books)
이것들은 어린이 책이다.
Diz bi . / Diznirend
rjps fenzig vdbjs. : [rjps fenzig]
life-changing advice.) : (life-changing)
인생을 바꿀 조언
vdbjs. / Sokrates

: (today's topics) / 오늘의 주제

: (today's dollars) / 오늘의 달러

trains_up.gif wvldbod

5) (b ← verb s/es) ( b : verb present  bi : be present)
(bi ← am/are/is) present singular subject(third person)
(heb ← have/has) (3인칭단수 현재동사에 s/es를 안붙임   수일치 안함)

J stvdi Wvldrisi had. : [stvdi]
(I study Worldrisi hard.) : (study)
나는 월드리시를 열심히 연구한다.
J Wvldrisi had. / Beizig

Hi stvdi Wvldrisi had. : [stvdi]
(He studies Worldrisi hard.) : (studies)
그는 월드리시를 열심히 연구한다.
Hi Wvldrisi had. / Rvndvn

Swi heb v swit bois. : [heb]
(She has a sweet voice.) : (has)
그녀는 아름다운 목소리를 갖고 있다.
Swi v swit bois. / Tokyo

Hi heb v epl . : [heb v epl]
(He has an apple .) : (has an apple)
그는 사과1개를 가지고 있다.
Hi . / Epl

Swi heb v razi pofun. : [heb]
(She has a large fortune.) : (has)
그녀는 재산가이다.
Swi v razi pofun. / Donnamu

J bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(I am a student.) : (am)
나는 학생이다.
J v studvnt. / Sidni
Yu bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(You are a student.) : (are)
너는 학생이다.
Yu v studvnt. / Vklend
Hi bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(He is a student.) : (is)
그는 학생이다.
Hi v studvnt. / Akra
Swi bi v studvnt. : [bi]
(She is a student.) : (is)
그녀는 학생이다.
Swi v studvnt. / Moskoba
Dei bi studvntz. : [bi]
(They are students.) : (are)
그들은 학생이다.
Dei studvntz. / Svul

Ebrisig bi fenzig. : [bi]
(Everything is changing.) : (is)
모든 것은 변한다.
Ebrisig fenzig. / Sahara

Duig nasig bi weistig tjm. : [bi]
(Doing nothing is wasting time.) : (is)
아무것도 안하는 것은 시간을 낭비하는 것이다.
Duig nasig weistig tjm. / Edisn

Sinkig min tokig tu wvnselp. : [min]
(Thinking means talking to oneself.) : (means)
생각한다는 것은 자신에게 말하는 것을 의미한다.
Sinkig tokig tu wvnselp. / Atene

Dv smel meik mi sik. : [meik]
(The smell makes me sick.) : (makes)
그냄새가 나를 아프게 만든다.
Dv smel mi sik. / Hukusima

Swi rvb mi. : [rvb]
(She loves me.) : (loves)
그녀는 나를 사랑한다.
Swi mi. / Nudeli

J rvb hvm , tuu. : [rvb hvm] [swi - hv - hvm - hvs - hvselp]
(I love her , too.) : (love her) (she - her - her - hers - herself)
나도 역시 그녀를 사랑한다.
J , tuu. / Svul

Dv svn rjz in dv ist en set in dv west. : [rjz] [en] [set]
(The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.) : (rises) (and) (sets)
태양은 동쪽에서 떠서 서쪽으로 진다.
Dv svn rjz in dv ist in dv west. / Calilei

Onri in dv daknis ken yu si dv staz. : [ken yu si]
(Only in the darkness can you see the stars.) : (can you see)
오직 어둠속에서만 당신은 별을 볼 수 있다.
Onri in dv daknis dv staz. / Oslo

Mj Wvldrisi skilz meik it izi pv mi tu trebvl vbrod. : [meik]
(My Worldrisi skills make it easy for me to travel abroad.) : (make)
나의 세계어기술은 내가 세계여행 하는것을 쉽게 만든다.
Mj Wvldrisi skilz it izi pv mi tu trebvl vbrod. / Nyudeli

It meik mi hepi tu meik adv pipl hepi. : [meik] [meik - meikd - meikl]
(It makes me happy to make other people happy.) : (makes) (make - made - will make)
다른사람들을 행복하게 하는게 나를 행복하게 한다.
It mi hepi tu meik adv pipl hepi. / Munhen

trains_up.gif wvldbod


6) (na b ← do/does not v) (na : not)
(na bi ← am/are/is not) (b : verb present)
(verb negative)   (동사의 부정) (bi : be present)

J na heb v ka. : [na heb]
(I don't have a car.) : (don't have)
나는 차를 안가지고 있다.
J v ka. / Zulia

J na wvnt tu heb tu kvm bek. : [na wvnt]
(I don't want to have to come back.) : (don't want)
나는 다시 돌아와야 하고싶지 않아요.
J tu heb tu kvm bek. / Fetvli

Hi na stvdi Wvldrisi et njt. : [na stvdi]
(He does not study Worldrisi at night.) : (does not study)
그는 밤에 월드리시를 공부하지 않는다.
Hi Wvldrisi et njt. / Zakarta

It na bi izi tu rvn Fjnis. : [na bi] [bi - bid - bil]
(It is not easy to learn Chinese.) : (is not) (am/are/is - was/were - will be)
중국어를 배우는것은 쉽지않다.
It izi tu rvn Fjnis. / Cogza

J na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(I am not a student.) : (am not)
나는 학생이 아니다.
J v studvnt. / Moroko
Yu na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(You are not a student.) : (are not)
너는 학생이 아니다.
Yu v studvnt. / Otawa
Hi na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(He is not a student.) : (is not)
그는 학생이 아니다.
Hi v studvnt. / Tema
Swi na bi v studvnt. : [na bi]
(She is not a student.) : (is not)
그녀는 학생이 아니다.
Swi v studvnt. / Barsyaba
Dei na bi studvntz. : [na bi]
(They are not students.) : (are not)
그들은 학생이 아니다.
Dei studvntz. / Tokyo

Yu ken na olweiz win , bvt yu ken olweiz rvn. : [ken na olweiz win]
(You can't always win , but you can always learn.) : (can't always win)
언제나 이길수는없지만, 언제든지 배울수는 있다. / Denis Hog
Yu , bvt yu ken olweiz rvn.

Na put op vntil tumoro wat yu ken du tudei. : [Na put op vntil tumoro]
Don't put off until tomorrow what you can do today.) : (Don't put off until tomorrow)
오늘할일을 내일로 미루지마라.
Yu wat yu ken du tudei. / Egkvrizi

Wvns it stop reinig, wi ken co pv v wvk. : [stop]
(Once it stops raining, we can go for a walk.) : (stops)
일단 비가 멈추고나면, 우리는 산보갈 수 있다. / Weligton
Wvns it reinig, wi ken co pv v wvk.

Dis na min J na rvb yum. : [na min]
(This does not mean I don't love you.) : (does not mean)
이것이 제가 당신을 사랑하지 않는다는 뜻은 아니에요.
Dis J na rvb yum. / Ulanbator

Tel mi wai yu bid so egcri. : [Tel mi] [tel - teld - tell]
Tell me why you were so angry.) : (Tell me) (tell - told - will tell)
너는 왜그렇게 화가났었는지 나에게 말해줘.
wai yu bid so egcri. / Hogkog

trains_up.gif wvldbod


7) (b S? ← do/does S v?) (b : verb present)
(bi S? ← am/are/is S?) (S : subjec)
(verb question)   (동사의 의문) (bi : be present)

Stvdi hi Wvldrisi? : [Stvdi hi]
(Does he study Worldrisi?) : (Does he study)
그는 월드리시를 연구합니까?
Wvldrisi?
Yes, hi du. : [du]
(Yes, he does.) : (does)
예, 그는 월드리시를 연구합니다.
Yes, hi . / Teran

Heb yu eni mvni wid yum? : [Heb yu]
(Do you have any money with you?) : (Do you have)
돈 가진 것이 있느냐?
eni mvni wid yum?
Yes, J heb svm. : [heb]
(Yes, I have some.) : (have)
응, 조금 가지고있어.
Yes, J svm.
No, J na heb. : [na heb]
(No, I have not.) : (have not)
아니, 안가지고 있어.
No, J . / Islamabad

Bi J v studvnt? : [Bi]
(Am I a student?) : (Am)
나는 학생입니까?
J v studvnt? / Kabul
Bi yu v studvnt? : [Bi]
(Are you a student?) : (Are)
당신은 학생입니까?
yu v studvnt? / Helsigki
Bi hi v studvnt? : [Bi]
(Is he a student?) : (Is)
그는 학생입니까?
hi v studvnt? / Kolombo
Bi swi v studvnt? : [Bi]
(Is she a student?) : (Is)
그녀는 학생입니까?
swi v studvnt? / Manila
Bi dei studvntz? : [Bi]
(Are they students?) : (Are)
그들은 학생입니까?
dei studvntz? / Mexiko

Bi hi Vmerikan? : [Bi hi]
(Is he American?) : (Is he)
그는 미국사람입니까?
Vmerikan?
Yes. hi bi. : [hi bi]
(Yes, he is.) : (he is)
예, 그는 미국사람입니다.
Yes, . / Senpransisko

Hau mvfi bi it? : [bi]
(How much is it?) : (is)
얼마인가요?
Hau mvfi it? / Berlin

Hu rvb yum? : [Hu rvb]
(Who loves you?) : (Who loves)
누가 너를 사랑하니?
yum? / Yagcon

Hum rvb yu? : [Hum rvb]
(who(m) do you love?) : (who(m) do)
너는 누구를 사랑하니?
yu? / Nuyok

Wai raik yu mi? : [Wai raik yu]
(Why do you like me?) : (Why do you like)
왜 나를 좋아해?
mi? / Doha

Nou swi yum? : [Nou swi] [nou - noud - noul]
(Does she know you?) : (Does she know) (know - knew - will know)
그녀는 당신을 아나요?
yum? / Riu dezaneiru

Wat heb swi in hv hend? : [Wat heb swi]
(What does she have in her hand?) : (What does she have)
그녀는 손에 무엇을 가지고 있느냐?
in hv hend?
Swi heb v epl. : [heb v epl]
(She has an apple.) : (has an apple)
그녀는 사과 한개를 가지고 있어.
Swi . / Njrobi

trains_up.gif wvldbod


8) pvsnvl pronaun
(personal pronoun)
(인칭대명사)

svbzektib pozesib obzektib pozesib pronaun ripleksib pronaun
J mj mi mjs mjselp
(I) (my) (me) (mine) (myself)
나의 나를 나의것 나자신
yu yuv yum yuvs yuvselp
(you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourself)
너의 너를 너의것 너자신
hi his him his hiselp
(he) (his) (him) (his) (himself)
그의 그를 그의것 그자신
swi hv hvm hvs hvselp
(she) (her) (her) (hers) (herself)
그녀 그녀의 그녀를 그녀의것 그녀자신
it its it - itselp
(it) (its) (it) - (itself)
그것 그것의 그것을 - 그것자체
svbzektib pozesib obzektib pozesib pronaun ripleksib pronaun
wi wis wim wis wiselpz
(we) (our) (us) (ours) (ourselves)
우리 우리의 우리를 우리것 우리자신
yu yuv yum yuvs yuvselpz
(you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourselves)
당신들 당신들의 당신들을 당신들것 당신들자신
dei dev dem devs devselpz
(they) (their) (them) (theirs) (themselves)
그들 그들의 그들을 그들의것 그들자신

* prektis : pvsnvl pronaun
(practice) : (personal pronoun)
실습 : 인칭대명사

svbzektib pozesib obzektib pozesib pnaun ripleksib pnaun
=====================================================
[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] : [J] [mj] [mi] [mjs] [mjselp]
(I) (my) (me) (mine) (myself) : (I) (my) (me) (mine) (myself)

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] : [yu] [yuv] [yum] [yuvs] [yuvselp]
(you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourself) : (you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourself)

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] : [hi] [his] [him] [his] [hiselp]
(he) (his) (him) (his) (himself) : (he) (his) (him) (his) (himself)

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] : [swi] [hv] [hvm] [hvs] [hvselp]
(she) (her) (her) (hers) (herself) : (she) (her) (her) (hers) (herself)

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ - ] [ ] : [it] [its] [it] [ - ] [itselp]
(it) (its) (it) ( - ) (itself) : (it) (its) (it) ( - ) (itself)


svbzektib pozesib obzektib pozesib pnaun ripleksib pnaun
=====================================================
[ ] [ ] [ } [ ] [ ] : [wi] [wis] [wim] [wis] [wiselpz]
(we) (our) (us) (ours) (ourselves) : (we) (our) (us) (ours) (ourselves)

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] : [yu] [yuv] [yum] [yuvs] [yuvselpz]
(you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourselves) : (you) (your) (you) (yours) (yourselves)

[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] : [dei] [dev] [dem] [devs] [devselpz]
(they) (their) (them) (theirs) (themselves) : (they) (their) (them) (theirs) (themselves)


trains_up.gif wvldbod


9) bvb teibl : b d l bi bid bil
(verb table) : (v) (ed) (will v) (am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
(동사표) : (present) (past) (future) (be present) (be past) (be future)

(affirmative) (present) (past) (future)
(present) b d l
(v) (ed) (will v)
(perfect) bn dn ln
(have/has pp) (had pp) (will have pp)
(continuous) big dig lig
(am/are/is ing) (was/were ing) (will be ing)
(perfect continuous) bnig dnig lnig
(have/has been ing) (had been ing) (will have been ing)
(passive) bi b bid d bil l
(am/are/is pp) (was/were pp) (will be pp)
(perfect passive) bi bn bid dn bil ln
(have/has been pp) (had been pp) (will have been pp)
(continuous passive) bi big bid dig bil lig
(am/are/is being pp) (was/were being pp) (will be being pp)
(perfect continuous
passive)
bi bnig bid dnig bil lnig
(have/has been being pp) (had been being pp) (will have been being pp)
(negative) (present) (past) (future)
(present) na b na d na l
(do/does not v) (did not v) (will not v)
(perfect) na bn na dn na ln
(have/has not pp) (had not pp) (will not have pp)
(continuous) na big na dig na lig
(am/are/is not ing) (was/were not ing) (will not be ing)
(perfect continuous) na bnig na dnig na lnig
(have/has not been ing) (had not been ing) (will not have been ing)
(passive) na bi b na bid d na bil l
(am/are/is not pp) (was/were not pp) (will not be pp)
(perfect passive) na bi bn na bid dn na bil ln
(have/has not been pp) (had not been pp) (will not have been pp)
(interrogative) (present) (past) (future)
(present) b S? d S? l S?
(do/does S v?) (did S v?) (will S v?)
(perfect) bn S? dn S? ln S?
(do/does S have pp?) (did S have pp?) (will S have pp?)
(continuous) big S? dig S? lig S?
(am/are/is S ing?) (was/were S ing?) (will S be ing?)
(perfect continuous) bnig S? dnig S? lnig S?
(have/has S been ing?) (had S been ing?) (will S have been ing?)
(passive) bi S b? bid S d? bil S l?
(am/are/is S pp?) (was/were S pp?) (will S be pp?)

bi (be) (present) (past) (future)
(present) bi bid bil
(am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
(perfect) bin bidn biln
(have been) (had been) (will have been)
[bi] [bid] [bil]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (am/are/is) (was/were) (will be)
[bin] [bidn] [biln]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have been) (had been) (will have been)

heb (have) (present) (past) (future)
(present) heb hebd hebl
(have/has) (had) (will have)
(perfect) hebn hebdn hebln
(have/has had) (had had) (will have had)
(continuous) hebig hebdig heblig
(am/are/is having) (was/were having) (will be having)
[heb] [hebd] [hebl]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have/has) (had) (will have)
[hebn] [hebdn] [hebln]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have/has had) (had had) (will have had)
[hebig] [hebdig] [heblig]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (am/are/is having) (was/were having) (will be having)

meik (make) (present) (past) (future)
(present) meik miekd meikl
(make) (made) (will make)
(perfect) meikn meikdn meikln
(have/has made) (had made) (will have made)
(continuous) meikig meikdig meiklig
(am/are/is making) (was/were making) (will be making)
(perfect continuous) meiknig meikdnig meiklnig
(have/has been making) (had been making) (will have been making)
(passive) bi meik bid meikd bil meikl
(am/are/is made) (was/were made) (will be made)
(perfect passive) bi meikn bid meikdn bil meikln
(have/has been made) (had been made) (will have been made)
(continuous passive) bi meikig bid meikdig bil meiklig
(am/are/is being made) (was/were being made) (will be being made)
(perfect continuous
passive)
bi meiknig bid meikdnig bil meiklnig
(have/has been being made) (had been being made) (will have been being made)
[meik] [meikd] [meikl]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (make) (made) (will make)
[meikn] [meikdn] [meikln]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have/has made) (had made) (will have made)
[meikig] [meikdig] [meiklig]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (am/are/is making) (was/were making) (will be making)
[meiknig] [meikdnig] [meiklnig]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have/has been making) (had been making) (will have been making)
[bi meik] [bid meikd] [bil meikl]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (am/are/is made) (was/were made) (will be made)
[bi meikn] [bid meikdn] [bil meikln]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have/has been made) (had been made) (will have been made)
[bi meikig] [bid meikdig] [bil meiklig]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (am/are/is being made) (was/were being made) (will be being made)
[bi meiknig] [bid meikdnig] [bil meiklnig]
(   ) (   ) (   ) : (have/has been being made) (had been being made) (will have been being made)
\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

teik(take) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b teik teikd teikl
(present) (take) (took) (will take)
현재형

n teikn teikdn teikln
(perfect) (have/has taken) (had taken) (will have taken)
완료형

ig teikig teikdig teiklig
(continuous) (am/are/is taking) (was/were taking) (will be taking)
진행형

nig teiknig teikdnig teiklnig
(perfect continuous) (have/has been taking) (had been taking) (will have been taking)
완료진행형

bi bi teik bid teikd bil teikl
(passive) (am/are/is taken) (was/were taken) (will be taken)
수동태

bi n bi teikn bid teikdn bil teikln
(perfect passive) (have/has been taken) (had been taken) (will have been taken)
완료수동태

bi ig bi teikig bid teikdig bil teiklig]
(continuous passive) (am/are/is being taken) (was/were being taken) (will be being taken)
진행수동태

bi nig bi teiknig bid teikdnig bil teiklnig]
(perfect continuous (have/has been being taken) (had been being taken) (will have been being taken)
passive) 완료진행수동태

* prektis : b d l n ig bi
(practice) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
실습 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

teik(take) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b [ ] [ ] [ ] : [teik] [teikd] [teikl]
(present) (take) (took) (will take)
현재형

n [ ] [ ] [ ] : [teikn] [teikdn] [teikln]
(perfect) (have/has taken) (had taken) (will have taken)
완료형

Ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [teikig] [teikdig] [teiklig]
(continuous) (am/are/is taking) (was/were taking) (will be taking)
진행형

nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [teiknig] [teikdnig] [teiklnig]
(perfect continuous) (have/has been taking) (had been taking) (will have been taking)
완료진행형

bi [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi teik] [bid teikd] [bil teikl]
(passive) (am/are/is taken) (was/were taken) (will be taken)
수동태

bi n [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi teikn] [bid teikdn] [bil teikln]
(perfect passive) (have/has been taken) (had been taken) (will have been taken)
완료수동태

bi ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi teikig] [bid teikdig] [bil teiklig]
(continuous passive) (am/are/is being taken) (was/were being taken) (will be being taken)
진행수동태

bi nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi teiknig] [bid teikdnig] [bil teiklnig]
(perfect continuous (have/has been being taken) (had been being taken) (will have been being taken)
passive) 완료진행수동태


* rvb : b d l n ig bi
(love) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
사랑하다 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

rvb (love) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b rvb rvbd rvbl
(present) (love) (loved) (will love)
현재형

n rvbn rvbdn rvbln
(perfect) (have/has loved) (had loved) (will have loved)
완료형

ig rvbig rvbdig rvblig
(continuous) (am/are/is loving) (was/were loving) (will be loving)
진행형

nig rvbnig rvbdnig rvblnig
(perfect continuous) (have/has been loving) (had been loving) (will have been loving)
완료진행형

bi bi rvb bid rvbd bil rvbl
(passive) (am/are/is loved) (was/were loved) (will be loved)
수동태

bi n bi rvbn bid rvbdn bil rvbln
(perfect passive) (have/has been loved) (had been loved) (will have been loved)
완료수동태

bi ig bi rvbig bid rvbdig bil rvblig
(continuous passive) (am/are/is being loved) (was/were being loved) (will be being loved)
진행수동태

bi nig bi rvbnig bid rvbdnig bil rvblnig
(perfect continuous (have/has been being loved) (had been being loved) (will have been being loved)
passive) 완료진행수동태


* prektis : b d l n ig bi
(practice) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
실습 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

rvb (love) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b [ ] [ ] [ ] : [rvb] [rvbd] [rvbl]
(present) (love) (loved) (will love)
현재형

n [ ] [ ] [ ] : [rvbn] [rvbdn] [rvbln]
(perfect) (have/has loved) (had loved) (will have loved)
완료형

ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [rvbig] [rvbdig] [rvblig]
(continuous) (am/are/is loving) (was/were loving) (will be loving)
진행형

nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [rvbnig] [rvbdnig] [rvblnig]
(perfect continuous) (have/has been loving) (had been loving) (will have been loving)
완료진행형

bi [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi rvb] [bid rvbd] [bil rvbl]
(passive) (am/are/is loved) (was/were loved) (will be loved)
수동태

bi n [ ] [ ] [ ] [bi rvbn] [bid rvbdn] [bil rvbln]
(perfect passive) (have/has been loved) (had been loved) (will have been loved)
완료수동태

bi ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi rvbig] [bid rvbdig] [bil rvblig]
(continuous passive) (am/are/is being loved) (was/were being loved) (will be being loved)
진행수동태

bi nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi rvbnig] [bid rvbdnig] [bil rvblnig]
(perfect continuous (have/has been being loved) (had been being loved) (will have been being loved)
passive) 완료진행수동태


* du : b d l n ig bi
(do) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
하다 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

du (do) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b du dud dul
(present) (do/does) (did) (will do)
현재형

n dun dudn duln
(perfect) (have/has done) (had done) (will have done)
완료형

ig duig dudig dulig
(continuous) (am/are/is doing) (was/were doing) (will be doing)
진행형

nig dunig dudnig dulnig
(perfect continuous) (have/has been doing) (had been doing) (will have been doing)
완료진행형

bi bi du bid dud bil dul
(passive) (am/are/is done) (was/were done) (will be done)
수동태

bi n bi dun bid dudn bil duln
(perfect passive) (have/has been done) (had been done) (will have been done)
완료수동태

bi ig bi duig bid dudig bil dulig
(continuous passive) (am/are/is being done) (was/were being done) (will be being done)
진행수동태

bi nig bi dunig bid dudnig bil dulnig
(perfect continuous (have/has been being done) (had been being done) (will have been being done)
passive) 완료진행수동태


* prektis : b d l n ig bi
(practice) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
실습 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

du (do) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b [ ] [ ] [ ] : [du] [dud] [dul]
(present) (do/does) (did) (will do)
현재형

n [ ] [ ] [ ] : [dun] [dudn] [duln]
(perfect) (have/has done) (had done) (will have done)
완료형

ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [duig] [dudig] [dulig]
(continuous) (am/are/is doing) (was/were doing) (will be doing)
진행형

nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [dunig] [dudnig] [dulnig]
(perfect continuous) (have/has been doing) (had been doing) (will have been doing)
완료진행형

bi [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi du] [bid dud] [bil dul]
(passive) (am/are/is done) (was/were done) (will be done)
수동태

bi n [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi dun] [bid dudn] [bil duln]
(perfect passive) (have/has been done) (had been done) (will have been done)
완료수동태

bi ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi duig] [bid dudig] [bil dulig]
(continuous passive) (am/are/is being done) (was/were being done) (will be being done)
진행수동태

bi nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [bi dunig] [bid dudnig] [bil dulnig]
(perfect continuous (have/has been being done) (had been being done) (will have been being done)
passive) 완료진행수동태


* stvdi : b d l n ig bi
(study) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
공부하다 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

stvdi (study) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b stvdi stvdid stvdil
(present) (study) (studied) (will study)
현재형

n stvdin stvdidn stvdiln
(perfect) (have/has studied) (had studied) (will have studied)
완료형

ig stvdig stvdidig stvdilig
(continuous) (am/are/is studying) (was/were studying) (will be studying)
진행형

nig stvdinig stvdidnig stvdilnig
(perfect continuous) (have/has been studying) (had been studying) (will have been studying)
완료진행형


* prektis : b d l n ig bi
(practice) : (v) (ed) (will v) (have pp) (be ing) (be pp)
실습 : (present) (past) (future) (perfect) (continuous) (passive)

stvdi (study) b (present) d (past) l (future)
===============================================================================
b [ ] [ ] [ ] : [stvdi] [stvdid] [stvdil]
(present) (study) (studied) will study)
현재형

n [ ] [ ] [ ] : [stvdin] [stvdidn] [stvdiln]
(perfect) (have/has studied) (had studied) (will have studied)
완료형

ig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [stvdig] [stvdidig] [stvdilig]
(continuous) (am/are/is studying) (was/were studying) (will be studying)
진행형

nig [ ] [ ] [ ] : [stvdinig] [stvdidnig] [stvdilnig]
(perfect continuous) (have/has been studying) (had been studying) (will have been studying)
완료진행형

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